Motivation


“My hope still is to leave the world a bit better than when I got here.”
– Jim Henson

Seth Godin’s Newsletter


Arguments and outcomes

The purpose of marketing is to cause change. If we’re trying to build a movement, raise money for a non-profit, sell a product, change lifestyles, build community–these are all marketing activities that exist to change the way people act.

The project usually begins with clarity. The cause is just, the harm is real, the product is better. The work is worth doing, there’s an urgent need for change, it’s real.

But sometimes, the original arguments, as valid as they are, don’t work. In fact, they rarely do. People don’t all line up to donate or work out or sign up from the very start. You can put in the energy to have your pitch get heard, but the early ones often fall flat. It’s only as the arguments become more clear, or change, that they begin to resonate.

And yet we can stuck with a certain orthodoxy. An early argument can become the only argument. The story that the group tells from the start is the right one, and anything else is a disappointing compromise, even if it leads to the action you sought in the first place.

In general, there are three things that cause people to change their actions:

  • Status roles
  • Affiliation
  • Convenience

Status roles involve whether this action will move someone up or down in the estimation of their peers or competitors.

Affiliation is related to status, but more specific. It’s “people like us do things like this.” In the words of the Rolling Stones: He can’t be a man because he doesn’t smoke, the same cigarettes as me.

And convenience is the hallmark of a semi-lazy decision–it’s just easier.

Using these three drivers, you can look at the spread of helmets in the NHL, or electric cars in California or Nike sneakers everywhere. We can see it in the decline in smoking in some communities, or the rise of a popular style of music as well.

The originators of these and other ideas didn’t begin with status, affiliation or convenience, but that’s what ended up working.

FUN DAYS OF JANUARY 2021


Fun days

Fun Days

National Hangover Day – 1 January 

Thesaurus Day – 18 January 

Winnie-the-Pooh Day – 18 January 

Content marketing ideas    

Listicle idea: X Drinks that won’t give you a hangover 

Infographic idea: X Drinks to cure your hangover 

Video idea: What does each Winnie-the-Pooh character represent? 

Podcast idea: Does reading a thesaurus play a significant part in a child’s early development? 

Festivals

Lohri Content Marketing Ideas

Lohri – 13 January 

Sankranti/Pongal – 14 January 

Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti – 20 January 

Content marketing ideas  

Listicle idea: X Easy Punjabi dishes you should try making 

Infographic idea: Different harvest festivals celebrated across India 

Video idea: Why is Pongal celebrated? 

Podcast idea: What lessons can we learn from Guru Gobind Singh? 

Birthdays

Birthday Content Marketing Ideas

Vidya Balan – 1 January 

JRR Tolkien – 3 January 

Deepika Padukone – 5 January 

Bradley Cooper – 5 January 

AR Rahman – 6 January 

Bipasha Basu – 7 January 

Elvis Presley – 8 January 

Stephen Hawking – 8 January 

Farhan Akhtar – 9 January 

Hrithik Roshan – 10 January 

Kalki Koechlin – 10 January 

Rahul Dravid – 11 January 

Swami Vivekananda – 12 January 

Zayn Malik – 12 January 

Jeff Bezos – 12 January 

Michelle Obama – 17 January 

Jim Carrey – 17 January 

Martin Luther King Jr – 20 January 

Subhas Chandra Bose – 23 January 

Ellen DeGeneres – 26 January 

Oprah Winfrey – 29 January 

Justin Timberlake – 31 January 

Content marketing ideas

Listicle idea: X Scientific advancements pioneered by Stephen Hawking’s discoveries 

Infographic idea: X Movies you didn’t know Farhan Akhtar was part of 

Video idea: Exercises you can do to get Hrithik Roshan’s abs 

Podcast idea: Is the fact that we have more billionaires than ever worrying? 

Motivation


“Life has no victims. There are no victims in this life.No one has the right to point fingers at his/her past and blame it for what he/she is today. We do not have the right to point our finger at someone else and blame that person for how we treat others, today.Don’t hide in the corner, pointing fingers at your past. Don’t sit under the table, talking about someone who has hurt you. Instead, stand up and face your past! Face your fears! Face your pain! And stomach it all! You may have to do so kicking and screaming and throwing fits and crying- but by all means- face it!This life makes no room for cowards.”
– C. JoyBell C., The Sun Is Snowing: Poetry & Prose by C. Joybell C

International Day of Education /National Girl Child Day – 24 January


International Day of Education – 24 January  

International Day of Education

This day is celebrated to recognize the role of education in achieving peace and development. 

Content marketing ideas 

Listicle idea: The best countries for your child’s higher education 

Infographic idea: Countries around the world that provide free education  

Video idea: How was India’s education system designed?  

Podcast idea: Is the education system in India still relevant to these times? 

Brand campaign that worked:  

This video by P&G proves that no matter your age, you can become a student if you harbor a passion for learning within you. 

 National Girl Child Day – 24 January  

National Girl Child Day

This day is commemorated in India to spread awareness about the inequalities girls face in society. 

Content marketing ideas  

Listicle idea: X Financial schemes to invest in for your girl child  

Infographic idea: How have the richest women in India made their money?  

Video idea: X Young girls who have pushed for social change on a national level  

Podcast idea: Here’s how we can unlearn toxic masculinity as a society 

Brand campaign that worked:  

This ad by Samsung shows how a girl child, when given the opportunity to further her education, not only improves herself but also becomes an asset to her community. 

National Voters Day – 25 January  

One more Milestone attained….


I began the Toastmasters journey on 14th August 2018, became a member of a club on 1st September 2018 and gave my 12 MINUTE icebreaker speech and got disqualified as I wasn’t supposed to speak for more than 6 – 61/2 minutes.

I got wonderful mentors along the way and joined several clubs to date. My learning was well supported by my mentor Mr. Askander Mirza DTM and others.

This is a moment to say thank you, express gratitude and also to take a break from this break-neck speed learning that I have been indulging in for past 4 years with Udemy first and Toastmasters International next. The reason for joining TI does not exist any more but the will to learn has not died so may be some day, I shall return and do tha remaining

  1. 5 more Pathways
  2. DTM Program
  3. Accredited Speakers Program

and keep speaking, keep sharing, keep emptying my cup so as to make it available for learning something new, something I always wanted to but time, moeny, effort, circumstances and excuses that prevented me from learning.

This is a moment to say thank you to Family – especially my wife who was overjoyed with each Best Speaker, Roletaker ribbon I would win or a Level Completion badge, certificate and ribbon I would get – my daughters, grand daughter all cheered with equal zeal. So did my fellow toastmasters, evaluators, mentors, Office bearers of each club I spoke at for project speech – I thank them humbly and with my heart.

Thank you all.

Did you know…


Did you know…

… that today is Rowan and Martin’s Laugh-In Debut Day? The NBC-TV show, “Rowan and Martin’s Laugh-In” debuted on this day in 1968. Thanks to an ever-changing cast of regulars including the likes of Dan Rowan, Dick Martin, Arte Johnson, Goldie Hawn, Ruth Buzzi, JoAnne Worley, Lily Tomlin, Richard Dawson, and Judy Carne, the show became the highest-rated comedy series in TV history.

~~~

Today’s Inspirational Quote:

“It is not the question, what am I going to be when I grow up; you should ask the question, who am I going to be when I grow up.”

— Goldie Hawn

Nik’s free ebook summary newsletter


Heyo, Nik here with your free summary of the day.

If you enjoy these, check out our reading guide. It’ll help you learn and remember more from everything you read.

Happy reading!


Want to get just one weekly summary roundup? Switch to weekly.


1-Sentence-Summary: The Warmth Of Other Suns is the story of how and why millions of Black Americans left the South between 1915 and 1970 to escape the brutality of the Jim Crow Laws and find safety, better pay, and more freedom in what is known today as The Great Migration.

Read in: 4 minutes

Favorite quote from the author:

The Warmth of Other Suns Summary

Throughout the history of the United States, there have been many migrations within the US of people searching for a better life. A couple examples include the Gold Rush and the Dust Bowl Migration. But there is one migration so massive that it dwarfs all of the others in comparison: The Great Migration. 

During the Great Migration, an estimated six million African Americans left their homes in the South in search of a better life in the North. The migration, which happened between 1915 and 1970, was arguably one of the greatest demographic shifts in American History. 

In The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America’s Great Migration by Isabel Wilkerson, we dive into the riveting truth behind what drove this mass relocation. Through three separate first-hand accounts of black Americans, Wilkerson brings us an intimate look at the fears, hopes, and dreams they had. We will focus on Ida Mae Gladley’s story. 

Here are just 3 of the many lessons I got from this book:

  1. The Great Migration happened for many different reasons, and people left from and went to diverse places throughout it.
  2. Ida Mae and her family were just one example of a black family leaving the South to become safer and earn more money.
  3. Settling in Chicago, Ida Mae entered the workforce but like many others didn’t see all of the benefits that she had hoped that moving would bring.

Let’s dive right into this little known history lesson!If you want to save this summary for later, download the free PDF and read it whenever you want.

Download PDF

Lesson 1: The Great Migration is an interesting and neglected piece of US history that involved many purposes and destinations.

You might be little surprised that your US History class didn’t study this big migration. Why did we barely touch on this topic that affected our history so greatly? 

Wilkerson says that there are a few reasons for this. One of the main reasons is that it wasn’t one single unified movement. These black southerners didn’t think of themselves as part of a movement because many of them had their own complex reasons for moving. 

Some of them were tired of being second-class. Others felt scared of racial violence. And some went for the promises of job prospects or tales of freedom. But the most dominant reason they wanted to leave was to escape the racist Jim Crow laws. 

After the abolishment of slavery in 1865, whites came up with different ways to keep blacks from using their newly won freedoms. These laws banned them from going to the same schools or shops as white people, for example. It also gave whites an excuse to mob lynch blacks.

Another factor that influenced the migration was World War I. The war caused a huge labor shortage in the North. This meant there was a big recruitment of black workers who would work for cheaper from the South. This peaked again during World War II.

Lesson 2: Ida Mae and her family’s move from the South for better pay and safety is just one story of many in The Great Migration.

Ida Mae lived on a farm with her family in Mississippi. In 1928, she married a fellow farmer named George and the young couple began their family and started as sharecroppers. Sharecroppers were people employed by a farmer and harvested crops in return for a place to live. 

This was a popular practice in the South, and unfortunately, it kept blacks indebted to plantation owners. Though the sharecroppers received pay at the end of the season, the farmer would make charges for what they “owed.” This included anything he felt the need to tack on. In the end, they often ended up with no pay. 

George and Ida Mae were fortunate to receive a small amount of money at the end of the year from their employer. But with the Great Depression in full swing, they soon found it hard to provide for their family. Which now also included two young kids. 

But the tipping point came in 1937 when George’s cousin was accused of stealing a white family’s turkeys and he was brutally beaten by a mob of white men. Though he miraculously survived the incident, he wasn’t the same afterward. 

They didn’t want to live in fear of something like this happening to them, so they decided to leave the racist South behind and see if they could find a better life in Illinois. Once they received their small year’s settlement, they loaded up all they had and their young family and boarded a crowded Jim Crow train to flee northward. 

Lesson 3: Chicago became Ida Mae’s eventual home, but moving didn’t change her life like she had hoped.

When Ida Mae made it to Chicago, she thought it looked like heaven. But soon they found things weren’t quite so easy. George and Ida Mae travelled to Milwaukee to find a job. But unfortunately, because of the Depression, even the low paying factory jobs were scarce. 

Eventually, George landed a job in Chicago helping an ice vendor. It didn’t pay much but did give them a small one room basement apartment in the city. But because of the massive amounts of migrants, the city started to get overcrowded. White neighborhoods sealed themselves off, meaning newcomers were forced to live in overpriced, tiny apartments.

In addition, they also weren’t warmly welcomed by the blacks who were born there. This was because they weren’t happy about the new competition for the same low-paying jobs. But it was hardest to find a job as a black woman from the South. They were perceived as both less suited for hard work and uneducated. 

But finally, Ida Mae found a job at a hospital. Soon they were able to move into a slightly better apartment. It didn’t seem like much, but they knew it was better than what they would’ve had in the South.

The Warmth Of Other Suns Review

I’m not the best with history books, so I didn’t really enjoy The Warmth Of Other Suns. But that doesn’t mean that it’s a bad book! I did think that the stories of Ida Mae, George Starling, and Pershing Foster were interesting. And they teach a lot of important lessons about many aspects of life, too!

Who would I recommend The Warmth Of Other Suns summary to?

The 64-year-old who is curious about the untold parts of US history, the 32-year-old history buff that wants to hear about something they probably didn’t learn in school, and anyone with an interest in the forces that affected America as it grew from 1915 to 1970.

The post The Warmth Of Other Suns Summary appeared first on Four Minute Books.Keep learning,
-Nik

Seven things to watch after historic anti-money laundering overhaul in the US – ICIJ


Seven things to watch after historic anti-money laundering overhaul in the US

The landmark legislation contains several loopholes, exemptions and shortcomings that may become key vulnerabilities in the fight against corruption and financial secrecy, advocates say.By Spencer WoodmanImage: Joshua Roberts/Getty ImagesJanuary 19, 2021facebooktwitterlinkedinemail

Clouds pass overt the Capitol Dome as the Senate resumes debate on overriding the veto of the National Defense Authorization Act on December 31, 2020 in Washington, DC.

Washington lawmakers rang in the new year by largely banning anonymous shell companies in the United States, one of the world’s most attractive places for criminals and wrongdoers around the world to hide dirty money.

The new law will for the first time require millions of companies incorporated in the U.S. to report their true owners to the federal government for inspection by law enforcement and compliance officers at banks and other financial institutions. Known as the Corporate Transparency Act, the law was attached to a massive national defense funding bill that Congress passed with a veto-override.

As the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists has reported across multiple investigations — including, most recently, the FinCEN Files — anonymous companies are a major vulnerability in the global fight against tax avoidance and money laundering. Drug cartels, oligarchs, despots and the global elite use them to conceal fortunes from tax authorities and law enforcement. Establishing a U.S. government registry of company owners was a key reform that experts said was needed in response to ICIJ investigations.

But the transparency is not complete. The law, supported by both the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and left-leaning Public Citizen — an unusual Washington alliance — is the result of years of negotiations. It contains loopholes pushed for by special interest groups that may blunt some of its power, even according to those who advocated for it and are now celebrating its passage.

Here are seven major areas where experts say the bill falls short that could pave the way for future political action.

 1. Some Wall Street investment vehicles don’t have to report.

Hedge funds and private equity firms create pooled investment vehicles typically open only to wealthy investors. The law does not apply to some of these entities, experts say, even though law enforcement has warned that they are ripe for abuse.

“Threat actors,” according to a 2020 Federal Bureau of Investigation bulletin “likely use the private placement of funds, including investments offered by hedge funds and private equity firms, to launder money.”

2. Big businesses are exempt, too.

The new law exempts any firm that has more than $5 million in annual revenue, more than 20 employees, and a physical office in the U.S. “At least in my world, that exemption covers nearly everyone,” said Stephen Quinlivan, a corporate lawyer specializing in mergers and acquisitions at Stinson LLP. One rationale for the carve out, advocates say, is that these larger companies have actual employees and offices, and are thus much easier to understand.

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3. Trusts could slip through the cracks.

Trusts are a preferred means of conveying generational wealth — and sometimes to avoid taxes and to hide and launder money, as ICIJ has previously reported. They are murky legal creatures: often, composed mainly of a contract dictating how the wealth they hold will be allocated. It can be difficult to determine who technically owns a trust’s wealth before distributions are made, experts say. Unlike companies, trusts often do not register with any government.

The new law explicitly exempts certain types of charitable and semi-charitable trusts. Advocates are also concerned about the wider category of personal and family trusts slipping through the cracks because these entities might not fall into the new law’s definition of a “company.” For this reason, experts believe the new law could de facto exclude a wide swath of personal and family trusts.

“This is the biggest concern for me,” said Gary Kalman, the director of Transparency International’s United States office, adding that he believes that trusts are already one of the U.S.’s largest money laundering vulnerabilities. Kalman adds that it is possible that, during the implementation of the law, federal agencies could interpret its language to include some trusts — and the law mandates a study into problems that the lack of trust ownership information poses.

  • Recommended reading

IMPACTHere’s what is changing after the FinCEN Files shook the world of bankingDEC 17, 2020

FINCEN FILESSecretive high-end art world can be vehicle for dirty money, US Treasury warnsNOV 04, 2020

FINCEN FILES6 money laundering reforms that experts say need to happen right nowOCT 19, 2020

4. The new ownership registry will remain secret.

Only a subset of government and financial institution officers will be able to access ownership information contained in the new “secure, nonpublic database” that the law establishes. Researchers, journalists and others trying to track dark money will be shut out.

A fully public ownership registry wouldn’t be unique. In 2016, the United Kingdom mandated that many companies registered in the country must list their owners in a registry that is freely accessible to the public online. Although the U.K. registry has been beset by faulty or absent information, transparency advocates say that the public inspection of the information has been crucial in flagging problems that should be fixed within the system. Advocates say their support of a public ownership registry will not stop with the passage of the new law. “That’s going to be a fight we’re going to continue to have down the road over time,” Clark Gascoigne, a senior policy advisor at the Financial Accountability and Corporate Transparency Coalition, told ICIJ.

5. Registry access for state and local law enforcement is limited.

The new law stipulates that although many federal agents will have relatively easy access to the ownership database, state and local law enforcement will have to obtain permission from a court employee each time they want to access it. “This seems excessive and is going to discourage law enforcement,” said Alma Angotti, global legislative and regulatory risk director at the consulting firm Guidehouse.

6. Art dealers don’t have to report suspicions of financial crime — for now.

Along with the disclosure requirements, the overall defense spending law also expands the range of businesses that must report suspicions of having done business with criminals. Left off that list: art dealers.

The art trade is a major hotspot for international money laundering as ICIJ recently reported in FinCEN Files. Elise Bean, a former U.S. Senate aide and investigator, called the art exemption “strange” and noted that the legislation requires a study into the art market that she hopes will “lead to art dealers finally being added to the law.” While art dealers have been offered a free pass for now, the law does demand, for the first time, that antiquities dealers report suspicious activity to federal authorities.

Do you have a story about corruption, fraud, or abuse of power?

ICIJ accepts information about wrongdoing by corporate, government or public services around the world. We do our utmost to guarantee the confidentiality of our sources.LEAK TO ICIJ!

7. The penalty for leaking ownership information is harsher than for not reporting it to the government in the first place.

People who misreport company ownership information face a maximum penalty of two years in prison. Anyone who leaks ownership data to the press or anyone else could face up to five years in jail — and a decade if the disclosure happens while committing another federal crime.

“These penalties are out of whack,” Ross Delston, a lawyer and consultant in Washington, D.C., specializing in anti-money laundering systems, told ICIJ. “Since when is the ownership of a company an inherently private matter?” The law separately creates new rewards and protections for whistleblowers who come forward to the government about a broad range of financial misconduct.

W.O.T.D.


WORD OF THE DAY
Felicitousfə-LIS-ə-disPart of speech: adjectiveOrigin: Latin, 17th century
1Well-chosen or suited to the circumstances.2Pleasing and fortunate.
 
Examples of Felicitous in a sentence “It turned out to be a felicitous decision to bring an umbrella.” “She discovered a number of felicitous finds with her trusty metal detector.”

Did you know…


Did you know…

… that today is Silent Comedian Day? Philadelphia comedian, Ernie Kovacs, became a major star on this day in 1957, when he was able to pull off the challenge of doing a half-hour TV show without uttering a single word of dialogue. Many shows, such as Rowan and Martin’s Laugh-In, Saturday Night Live, Monty Python, Captain Kangaroo, and Sesame Street are credited with having been influenced by Kovacs.

~~~

Today’s Inspirational Quote:

“Weird is just a side effect of being awesome.”

–Bill Murray

‘Natural’ healing is metaphysically incoherent but valuable | Aeon Essays


Lessons from One Year of Nomadic Passive Income – Nat Eliason


The Void “The wise use of leisure, it must be conceded, is a product of civilization and education. A man who has worked long hours all his life will be bored if he becomes suddenly idle. But without a considerable amount of leisure a man is cut off from many of the best things.” – In Praise of Idleness, Bertrand Russell

Lessons from One Year of Nomadic Passive Income – Nat Eliason

Wisdom


Your roots are like that of a tree, without it you’re weak and easy to push over.
A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots. (Marcus Garvey)
==========
Wisdom is not only defined by what you know, but also be knowing what you don’t.
To know what you know and what you do not know, that is true knowledge. (Confucius)

Seth Godin’s Newsletter


Three types of kindness

There is the kindness of ‘please’ and ‘thank you.’ And the kindness of “I was wrong, I’m sorry.” The small kindnesses that smooth our interactions and help other people feel as though you’re aware of them. These don’t cost us much, in fact, in most settings, engaging with kindness is an essential part of connection, engagement and forward motion.

And then there is the kindness of dignity. Of giving someone the benefit of the doubt. The kindness of seeing someone for the person that they are and can become, and the realization that everyone, including me and you, has a noise in our heads, a story to be told, fear to be danced with and dreams to be realized.

And there’s another: The kindness of not seeking to maximize short-term personal gain. The kindness of building something for the community, of doing work that matters, of finding a resilient, anti-selfish path forward.

Kindness isn’t always easy or obvious, because the urgent race to the bottom, to easily measured metrics and to scarcity, can distract us. But bending the arc toward justice, toward dignity and toward connection is our best way forward.

Kindness multiplies and it enables possiblity. When we’re of service to people, we have the chance to make things better.

Happy Birthday, Reverend King.

Bibelot – Popular word


POPULAR WORD
BibelotBIH-bə-loPart of speech: nounOrigin: French, late 19th century
1A small, decorative ornament or trinket.
 
Examples of Bibelot in a sentence “Alyssa couldn’t resist purchasing a few bibelots before she left the store.” “Mr. Willis’ collection of Santa-themed bibelots, tchotchkes, and collectibles was pulled out every year on December 1.”

Best of the week quotes


Jose Ortega y Gasset“We cannot put off living until we are ready.”

via Today’s Quote https://ift.tt/35DGsqV January 11, 2021 at 11:57AM
via RSS Feed https://www.brainyquote.com/authors/jose-ortega-y-gasset-quotesBernard Baruch“Millions saw the apple fall, but Newton was the one who asked why.”

via Today’s Quote https://ift.tt/2Mw9T9v January 12, 2021 at 11:57AM
via RSS Feed https://www.brainyquote.com/authors/bernard-baruch-quotesMarcus Aurelius“Anger cannot be dishonest.”

via Today’s Quote https://ift.tt/2HnH5M6 January 13, 2021 at 11:57AM
via RSS Feed https://www.brainyquote.com/authors/marcus-aurelius-quotes

HOLUS BOLUS


WORD OF THE DAY
Holus-Bolushol-əs-BOL-əsPart of speech: adverbOrigin: Unknown, mid 19th century
1All at once.
 
Examples of Holus-Bolus in a sentence “Everything was happening holus-bolus, and I couldn’t keep up.” “After a lull in my business, holus-bolus, I have all sorts of great opportunities.”

Seth Godin’s Newsletter


Born to run (things)

The first half of Bruce Springsteen’s autobiography makes some things abundantly clear:

He had no natural ability to play the guitar. In fact, after his first lessons, he quit, unable to play a note.

He had no singing talent. Every group he was part of needed a lead singer, and it wasn’t him.

And just about everyone dismissed him. Audiences walked out, his first agent simply stopped returning his calls and bandmates gave up and moved on.

He didn’t even know how to drive a car. Not only wasn’t he dating in high school, he wasn’t even cruising around town, being a charismatic rock star.

Talent is overrated. Skill is acquirable.

Showing up is something almost every creative leader has in common. In business, in the arts, in society. Consistently shipping the work, despite the world’s reaction, despite the nascent nature of our skill, despite the doubts.

And community is essential. The people you surround yourself with can reinforce your story, raise the bar and egg you on.

After the fact, the community becomes an integral part of your story of success. But first, you have to commit to the journey.

[That’s what happens in the Creative’s Workshop.]

For more on the creative commitment, check out this extraordinary conversation between Brian Koppelman and director Ron Howard.

Wisdom


Even your smallest action can change the world for the better.
In a gentle way, you can shake the world. (Mahatma Gandhi)
==========
You can’t overcome fear by thinking about it. Face it head on.
If you want to conquer fear, don’t sit home and think about it. Go out and get busy. (Dale Carnegie)

Seth Godin’s Newsletter


Is mood a gift or a skill?

Some days, we wake up with optimism and possibility… we’re able to find more reserves, connect better and do more generous work.

That might be because the outside world has handed us good news and opportunities, or it might be because the chemicals in our brain are particularly aligned…

I think it’s fair to assert that sometimes, our moods are handed to us.

But it’s also clearly true that we can do things to improve our mood. Morning pages, meditation, exercise, positive thinking, the right audio inputs, who we hang out with, the media we consume–it’s all a choice.

And if it’s a choice, that means it’s a skill, because we can get better at it.

PASSAGE OF THE WEEK:


PASSAGE OF THE WEEK:

“A Stoic doesn’t give up. A Stoic doesn’t resign themselves to lower standards or expect less of themselves. A Stoic doesn’t ever really grow old—because they refuse to accept that limitation. Instead, they remain active, they push themselves, they keep their minds sharp.

No matter how old you are, this attitude would do you well. There is no time like the present. It is not too late. The Gulf Stream of youth is still strong within you—if you choose to let it be. Keep yourself young. Don’t let yourself harden.”

Future generations deserve good ancestors. Will you be one? | Psyche Ideas


What Albert Einstein owes to David Hume’s notion of time | Aeon Essays


Did you know…


Did you know…

… that today is Most Trusted Man in America Day? On this day in 1986, polls showed that Walter Cronkite, five years after his retirement from the “CBS Evening News,” remained the most trusted man in America. Cronkite reported many events from 1937 to 1981 and was also known for his extensive coverage of the U.S. space program. Cronkite is well known for his departing catchphrase “And that’s the way it is,” followed by the date on which the appearance aired.

~~~

Today’s Inspirational Quote:

“To be trusted is a greater compliment than being loved.”

— George MacDonald

Secret Weapon Bunker – Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam – Atlas Obscura


11 Heavenly Restaurants Hidden Inside Houses of Worship – Atlas Obscura Lists


The Messy Business of Scrubbing 2,000 Years of Bird Poop From an Egyptian Temple – Atlas Obscura


https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/cleaning-egyptian-temple-at-esna?utm_source=Atlas+Obscura+Daily+Newsletter&utm_campaign=ba649a874b-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2021_01_15&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f36db9c480-ba649a874b-70161841&mc_cid=ba649a874b&mc_eid=f2c730f812

Did you know… 2


Did you know…

… that today is Dress Up Your Pet Day? This day is an opportunity to wow the neighbors and to unleash the inner diva of your favorite pooch or kitty… Why not go the extra mile and get the little guy or gal something to match your own outfit – that way you can both dress to impress and really set some trends! Sorry, we don’t have any ideas on how to dress up goldfish. 😉

~~~

Today’s Inspirational Quote:

“Pets are humanizing. They remind us we have an obligation and responsibility to preserve and nurture and care for all life.”

— James Cromwell

Did you know…1


Did you know…

… that today is Wikipedia’s Birthday? In 2001, Wikipedia, a free-access, free-content Internet encyclopedia, was launched by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger. The English language Wikipedia is now one of 313 Wikipedia editions and is the largest with 6,223,266 articles. There is a grand total of over 55 million articles in over 309 different languages! Happy birthday, Wikipedia!

~~~

Today’s Inspirational Quote:

“To know that we know what we know, and to know that we do not know what we do not know, that is true knowledge.”

— Nicolaus Copernicus

Lessons from growth outperformers in logistics | McKinsey


3-2-1 Newsletter by James Clear.


3-2-1 ThursdayNote: You are receiving this email because you subscribed to my weekly 3-2-1 newsletter. Every Thursday, I share 3 ideas from me, 2 quotes from others, and 1 question for you to ponder. Occasionally, I also send out long-form articles on habits and self-improvement.

3 ideas, 2 quotes, 1 question (January 14, 2021)

“Working to deliver the most wisdom per word of any newsletter on the web.”

Read this on JamesClear.com

Happy 3-2-1 Thursday,

Here are 3 ideas from me, 2 quotes from others, and 1 question for you to ponder this week.

3 IDEAS FROM ME

I.

“In the long run, the way you treat your time is the way others treat it too.”

(Share this on Twitter)



II.

“A brief guide to leadership:

  • Always know the answer to, “What are we optimizing for?”
  • Recruit. Recruit. Recruit.
  • Never ask someone to do something you aren’t willing to do yourself.
  • Give away the credit. Take the blame.”

(Share this on Twitter)



III.

“The trajectory of your life bends in the direction of your habits.”

(Share this on Twitter)

2 QUOTES FROM OTHERS

I.

Brene Brown on when to value feedback:

“If you’re not in the arena also getting your ass kicked, I’m not interested in your feedback. If you have constructive feedback you want to give me, I want it… But if you’re in the cheap seats, not putting yourself on the line, and just talking about how I can do it better, I’m in no way interested in your feedback.”

Source: Why Your Critics Aren’t the Ones Who Count



II.

Ed Catmull, cofounder of Pixar, on how they make great movies:

“Initially, the films we put together, they’re a mess. It’s like everything else in life—the first time you do it, it’s a mess. Sometimes it’s labeled … “a failure” … but that’s not even the right word to use. It’s just like, you get the first one out, you learn from it, and the only failure is if you don’t learn from it, if you don’t progress.”

Source: Keep Your Crises Small

1 QUESTION FOR YOU

A simple question that can deliver powerful results if taken seriously:

What is the highest leverage action I can execute on right now?

THE DIVINE HERITAGE OF MAN


THE DIVINE HERITAGE OF MAN

Meher Baba

“In all climes and in all places, man is constantly striving for happiness; but there are very few who have it, because there are very few who truly know the secret of happiness. Man is constantly feeling thwarted and limited, and he is ever in the clutches of unrelieved agony of suffering, because, not knowing his own true nature, he identifies himself with the body or the desires or the limited individual mind, and thereby becomes a victim to their respective limitations and sufferings.It is only by knowing himself to be different from and beyond all these that he can fully enter into the Divine Heritage of the Abiding Happiness, which is inalienable from his true being as God.The man, who through sanskaric attachments identifies himself with his body or desires or the individual mind, is caught up within the prison of his ignorance. All his efforts to break through his shackles only lead to his being in their firmer grip, just in the same way as the parrot which desperately beats his wings against the bars of its cage succeeds only in injuring its own wings, without being able to make any headway towards its freedom. It is like a person, who is stuck up in deep mud, and who, because of his very efforts to extricate himself, finds that he is more deeply stuck up in it.The individual and the unaided efforts of the aspirant are so often unsuccessful, because the very source of such efforts which is the ego, is rooted in ignorance…. This does not mean that the aspirant should not try for spiritual freedom and fulfillment. He must try his best for their realization; but he must at the same time open himself out to the abundant and indispensable help that comes to him from the Master.The Master does not give to the aspirant something which is not already within the aspirant in a latent form; he only unveils the real Self of the aspirant himself and enables him to come into his own Divine Heritage which is rightfully his.

“GLIMPSES OF THE GOD-MAN, Vol. 3, pp. 252-253, Bal Natu1982 © Avatar Meher Baba Perpetual Public Charitable Trustphoto: © Meher Nazar Publications or MSI Collection

SETH GODIN’s Newsletter


The difficult choice of disappointment

All forward motion disappoints someone.

If you serve one audience, you’ve let another down. One focus means that something else got ignored. If you create something scarce, someone won’t get their hands on it.

The very act of creation means that it won’t be the ideal solution for everyone.

On the other hand, with certainty, we know that doing nothing disappoints an even larger group of people.

The opportunity is to find someone to delight and to embrace the fact that someone is not everyone.

Coronavirus live updates: PM flags off vaccine drive, says don’t forget to take 2nd shot : India was early to take guard against the pandemic and formed a committee to deal with it: PM – The Times of India


https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/coronavirus-cases-and-vaccine-registration-news-live-updates/liveblog/80295573.cms

W.O.T.D.


WORD OF THE DAY
Demiurgicdem-ee-ER-jikPart of speech: adjectiveOrigin: Greek, early 17th century
1A powerful creative force or being.
 
Examples of Demiurgic in a sentence “When she’s in her studio, she’s a demiurgic force.” “I meditate before I work to try to access a demiurgic state.”

Nik’s free ebook summary newsletter


Heyo, Nik here with your free summary of the day.

If you enjoy these, check out our reading guide. It’ll help you learn and remember more from everything you read.

Happy reading!


Want to get just one weekly summary roundup? Switch to weekly.


1-Sentence-Summary: Come As You Are is sex educator Dr. Emily Nagoski’s explanation of the truth about female sexuality, including the hidden science of what turns women on, why it works, how to utilize this knowledge to improve your sex life, and why sexual myths make you feel inadequate in bed.

Read in: 4 minutes

Favorite quote from the author:

Come As You Are Summary

Picture yourself walking through a desert, when all of a sudden, your foot bumps into something hard in the sand. You look down to discover a lamp and, although skeptical, you rub it. A genie comes out and offers, not three wishes, but a proposition.

You can have infinite money but doing so would mean your sex life would never improve beyond where its at right now.

Would you take the genie up on the offer right away? No? What’s wrong, don’t you like your sex life?!

The truth is, deep down, you know that your experience in the bedroom could be much better. But what does it take? You have a hard time talking about these things, let alone even thinking about them!

There’s no need to despair though because your sex life might not be at its best yet, but you can get there. You can discover what it takes to give and receive immense pleasure between the sheets. All it takes is an understanding of sexuality and the myths that make your sex life more difficult.

These ideas and more are just what you’ll discover in Emily Nagoski’s Come as You Are (The Surprising New Science that Will Transform Your Sex Life).

Here are just 3 of the many helpful lessons in the book:

  1. Your sexual personality is as unique as you are, and there’s nothing wrong with that or the needs it means you have.
  2. Stress kills sexual desire.
  3. If you aren’t careful about the media you consume, it could make your sex life awful.

Let’s get right into these lessons!If you want to save this summary for later, download the free PDF and read it whenever you want.

Download PDF

Lesson 1: You have needs as unique as your sexual personality, and that’s okay.

The author had a patient named Laurie who, after having a baby, lost all desire for sex with her husband. She did, however, enjoy pleasuring herself. The problem was that she began to feel bad for not wanting penetrative sex. 

But Laurie wasn’t in the wrong for this, she just needed to understand that she, like you, has a sexual gas pedal and brakes. Whenever you get stimulation, it pushes the gas pedal, and there are many things that can push your brakes.

Even something as simple as a sound or smell can make your brain shut down your sexual desire. 

Most people that struggle with sex just have overactive sexual brakes. Research back in 2008 found that women that feel anxious about how long it takes them to become aroused or who only get the urge for sex in perfect circumstances have a harder time with sex.

But everybody is unique with varying levels of brake and gas pedal sensitivities and what makes each of these go. Pay careful attention to yours and your partners if you want to improve your sex life.

One of the author’s clients, Camilla, for instance, didn’t feel any arousal when looking at her partner or when having sexual fantasies. The problem was that she simply had a weak gas pedal and needed more time and attention to get going.

Lesson 2: Stress smothers your desire for sex.

Say your partner comes to visit you while you’re at work. You’re both turned on and can’t wait to get to a private place together. But as you’re rushing for that closet you know is always empty, you turn the corner and find your boss staring you down.

Not so turned on anymore, are you?

That’s because stress makes sex unattractive. And the bad news is, you can’t just wish your stress response away. Animals, for instance, when they play dead while being hunted, will have spasms even after the predator is gone. 

And humans are the same way, but with the stresses of family or work. We have what’s known as a stress response cycle, and we can’t just turn it off at will. This is why it’s a bad idea to try to push through and still have sex when you’re stressed.

Instead, calm down first through exercise, sleep, sharing affection, crying, or relaxing.

Unfortunately, those who’ve been through sexual trauma have it a little more difficult. Their past experiences make them perceive any sexual experience as a threat. This can make the path to healing take longer, but mindfulness and therapy will help.

Lesson 3: Your sex life will be worse if you don’t pay careful attention to what media you consume.

It’s hard not to peek at the smutty fashion magazines as you’re in the checkout line at the grocery store, right? And even if you’re a millennial like me who rarely goes to the store because of delivery services, you still get exposure to the dangerous world of pop culture messages that harm your sex life.

At its core, the only thing that these media companies communicate to average people is that they’re incompetent in the bedroom. Take women’s bodies, for example. It’s easy to see how unrealistic and lying portrayals of women make them feel self-conscious and inadequate.

Looks aside, the media also is toxic to women for making them feel like they have to agree and go along with all kinds of sexual activities. From games to positions and more, every side of sexuality gets misconstrued in the media. 

And what’s worse is that women are prudes if they don’t do these things and sluts if they do. There’s no winning, and it’s horrific!

But you can beat this, and it starts with carefully selecting the media you consume. Ditch those awful magazines and focus on your own beauty. 

Scientists have studied how the appreciation of your own body affects your sex life. The results showed that improved self-image enhances all aspects of sex, from arousal to orgasm and more. It even can reduce pain during intercourse!

So be gentle with yourself, love your body, and courageously conquer any feelings of low self-esteem.

Come As You Are Review

The thing I hate about sex is that nobody ever talks about it, which means that most people have really terrible sex lives. But what’s nice is that Come As You Are will help you fix that, as long as you can get past the social stigma enough to buy a copy and read it yourself! If you want to improve your relationships and learn to love yourself better, whether you’re a woman or a man, this book is for you!

Who would I recommend the Come As You Are summary to?

The 22-year-old newly married man that wants to know how to satisfy his wife, the 37-year-old mother who thinks that her sex life is hopeless because she has kids, and anyone that wants to understand the science of sexuality so they can have more frequent and better sex.

The post Come As You Are Summary appeared first on Four Minute Books.Keep learning,
-Nik

W.O.T.D.


WORD OF THE DAY
Maecenatismmay-SI-nə-tɪz-əmPart of speech: nounOrigin: Latin, early 17th century
1Patronage.
 
Examples of Maecenatism in a sentence “The museum honored the donors at a reception for their maecenatism.” “Thanks to the maecenatism of regular shoppers, the local businesses were thriving.”

Seth Godin’s Newsletter


Born to run (things)

The first half of Bruce Springsteen’s autobiography makes some things abundantly clear:

He had no natural ability to play the guitar. In fact, after his first lessons, he quit, unable to play a note.

He had no singing talent. Every group he was part of needed a lead singer, and it wasn’t him.

And just about everyone dismissed him. Audiences walked out, his first agent simply stopped returning his calls and bandmates gave up and moved on.

He didn’t even know how to drive a car. Not only wasn’t he dating in high school, he wasn’t even cruising around town, being a charismatic rock star.

Talent is overrated. Skill is acquirable.

Showing up is something almost every creative leader has in common. In business, in the arts, in society. Consistently shipping the work, despite the world’s reaction, despite the nascent nature of our skill, despite the doubts.

And community is essential. The people you surround yourself with can reinforce your story, raise the bar and egg you on.

After the fact, the community becomes an integral part of your story of success. But first, you have to commit to the journey.

[That’s what happens in the Creative’s Workshop.]

For more on the creative commitment, check out this extraordinary conversation between Brian Koppelman and director Ron Howard.

Wisdom


Don’t wait for life to come knocking on your door, open the door yourself and step through.
If opportunity doesn’t knock, build a door. (Milton Berle)
==========
Focusing on irrelevant facts is like looking through clouded eyes.
Knowledge is power only if man knows what facts not to bother with. (Robert Staughton Lynd)

W.O.T.D.


WORD OF THE DAY
BoîtebwatPart of speech: nounOrigin: French, unknown
1A small restaurant or nightclub.
 
Examples of Boîte in a sentence “Pierre was delighted to learn the new boîte was not too far from his apartment.” “This boîte has the best happy hour in town.”

Army Day – 15 January


Army Day – 15 January  

Army Day Content Marketing Ideas

This day is celebrated to mark the day Field Marshal KM Cariappa took over as the first Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army from General Sir Francis Butcher, the last British Commander-in-Chief of India. 

Content marketing ideas

Listicle idea: How to take care of your financial responsibilities before joining the army  

Infographic idea: What is the eligibility criteria of joining the Indian Army? 

Video idea: Realistic movies and series about war that you must watch  

Podcast idea: How do veterans cope with PTSD?  

Brand campaign that worked:  

This ad by Hyundai has an army officer narrate the story about how his train broke down on his way to report for his first posting, and how an unexpected meeting helped him get there on time. 

International Day of Education – 24 January  

W.O.T.D.


WORD OF THE DAY
BoîtebwatPart of speech: nounOrigin: French, unknown
1A small restaurant or nightclub.
 
Examples of Boîte in a sentence “Pierre was delighted to learn the new boîte was not too far from his apartment.” “This boîte has the best happy hour in town.”

Did you know…


Did you know…

… that today is Tabitha’s Birthday? In 1966, Elizabeth Montgomery’s Bewitched character, Samantha, had a baby named Tabitha. Bewitched was an American television situation comedy fantasy series which was broadcast for eight seasons on ABC from 1964 to 1972. Bewitched enjoyed great popularity and was ranked #50 on “TV Guide’s 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time.”

~~~

Today’s Inspirational Quote:

“Before deciding to retire, stay home for a week and watch the daytime TV shows.”

— Bill Copeland

The poet Wendell Berry reflects on the sublime peace of escaping into wilderness | Aeon Videos


W.O.T.D.


WORD OF THE DAY
Tohubohutoh-hoo-BOH-hooPart of speech: nounOrigin: Hebrew, unknown
1A state of chaos; utter confusion.
 
Examples of Tohubohu in a sentence “The mayor’s unexpected announcement left the press in a tohubohu.” “After recess the students were always in a tohubohu.”

via Seth Godin’s Newsletter



Burned out/burned in

Burned in is what we look for in an electronic device. It’s working perfectly, in the groove.

Burned out is what happens if we abuse it.

Burn-in comes from a practice, a generous, persistent approach that’s within our control.

Burn out, on the other hand, is often caused by trying to control things that we can’t possibly control. As a result, we waste cycles and create a pattern of stress.

Even though it seems as though the world is trying to steal our focus and our energy, ultimately, in each moment, it’s our choice to make. We can decide to create possibility and contribute. Toward better.

A doctrine against doctrinaires: the enduring radical modesty of Karl Popper | Aeon Videos


Steinmetz and European, US advisers on trial for mining ‘corruption pact’ in West Africa – ICIJ


Deutsche Bank agrees to pay $130 million in latest major US penalty – ICIJ


I find it difficult to understand Abstract….


SHORT ABSTRACT QUOTES AND SAYINGS

“All good art is abstract.” —John Newman

“All art is an abstraction to some degree.” —Henry Moore

“Abstraction is an esoteric language.” —Eric Fischl

“Abstract knowledge is always useful, sooner or later.” —Robert A. Heinlein

“Just as pure abstract art is not dogmatic, neither is it decorative.” —Piet Mondrian

“You can’t look at abstract art without thinking.” —Patricia Cole

abstract sayings - “Abstraction forces you to reach the highest level of the basics.” —Alan Soffer

“Abstraction forces you to reach the highest level of the basics.” —Alan Soffer

“The power to love what is purely abstract is given to few.” —Unknown

“Even abstract shapes must have a likeness.” —Willem de Kooning

“You can’t look at abstract art without thinking.” —Patricia Cole-Ferullo

“Abstraction is real, probably more real than nature.” —Joseph Albers

“For an abstract artist the figure is merely a crutch.” —C.C. Tazio Childress

“It looked like lively abstract art. Symbols in search of context.” —Unknown

“All paintings are abstract ideas, not representations of a true reality.” —Mike Svob

“I guess my experience with some stuff is kind of abstract.” —Joaquin Phoenix

“The abstract nature of reality is the source of beauty.” —William DeRaymond

“The more horrifying the world becomes, the more art becomes abstract.” —Paul Klee

art quotes - “Abstraction is the way to the heart – it is not the heart itself.” —John Piper

“Abstraction is the way to the heart – it is not the heart itself.” —John Piper

“Whatever is most abstract may perhaps be the summit of reality.” —Unknown

abstract sayings - “Abstract ideas are the patterns two or more memories have in common.” —Rudolf Flesch

“Abstract ideas are the patterns two or more memories have in common.” —Rudolf Flesch

“Do not copy nature too much. Art is an abstraction.” —Paul Gauguin

“If I choose abstraction over reality, it is because I consider it the lesser chaos.” —Robert Brault

“How many people become abstract as a way of appearing profound!” —Joseph Joubert

“It is easier to take a position in the abstract than when it hits home.” —Unknown

Abstract Quotes - “Wisdom is the abstract of the past, but beauty is the promise of the future.”

“Wisdom is the abstract of the past, but beauty is the promise of the future.” —Unknown

“Color is for me the purest form of expression, the purest abstract reality.” —Jim Hodges

“It is often my nature to be abstract, hidden in plain sight, or nowhere at all.” —Gerard Way

“The more abstract is form, the more clear and direct its appeal.” —Wassily Kandinsky

“The more horrifying the world becomes, the more art becomes abstract.” —Paul Klee

“Detailed descriptions, abstract ambitions, relevant observations, your’s and mine.” —Unknown

ABSTRACT QUOTES AND SAYINGS

“Writing is an abstract art of drawing pictures of the conscious and subconscious mind with words.” —Debasish Mridha

“I understand abstract art as an attempt to feed imagination with a world built through the basic sensations of the eyes.” —Jean Helion

art quotes - “Abstraction is real, probably more real than nature. I prefer to see with closed eyes.” —Josef Albers

“Abstraction is real, probably more real than nature. I prefer to see with closed eyes.” —Josef Albers

“There is no abstract art. You must always start with something. Afterward you can remove all traces of reality.” —Pablo Picasso

“Abstract art is a fundamental distrust of the theory of reality concocted by the eyes.” —Robert Brault

“I get satisfaction out of seeing stuff that makes real change in the real world. We need a lot more of that and a lot less abstract stuff.” —Unknown

“Whoever thought the immediate alternates with the immediate action is not an abstract painter.” —Pierre Alechinsky

“The longer you look at an object, the more abstract it becomes, and, ironically, the more real.” —Lucian Freud

“We commonly call it abstraction, when now it is really nothing more than extrapolation. And yet it goes on.” —John Gargano

“Abstraction is a mental process we use when trying to discern what is essential or relevant to a problem; it does not require a belief in abstract entities.” —Tom G. Palmer

“The abstract has no emotional content… the abstract is more powerful the more abstract it is.” —Cecil Balmond

“And while I was not an admirer of people in the specific, I liked them in the abstract. It is only the execution of the idea that disappoints.” —Elizabeth McCracken

“All abstract sciences are nothing but the study of relations between signs.” —Denis Diderot

“I understand abstract art as an attempt to feed imagination with a world built through the basic sensations of the eyes.” —Jean Helion

“Abstract art has helped us to experience the emotional power inherent in pure form.” —Anton Ehrenzweig

“The abstract artists that I admire were grounded in drawing, composition and design and it shows in their work.” —Jennifer Bellinger

“The test of an abstract picture, for me, is not my first reaction to it, but how long I can stand it hanging on the wall of a room where I am living.” —Bill Vaughan

abstract sayings - “Abstraction is one of the greatest visionary tools ever invented by human beings to imagine, decipher, and depict the world.” —Jerry Saltz

“Abstraction is one of the greatest visionary tools ever invented by human beings to imagine, decipher, and depict the world.” —Jerry Saltz

“Abstract art places a new world, which on the surface has nothing to do with ‘reality,’ next to the ‘real’ world.” —Wasilly Kandinsky

“One act of beneficence, one act of real usefulness, is worth all the abstract sentiment in the world.” —Unknown

art quotes for kids - “Pure drawing is an abstraction. Drawing and colour are not distinct, everything in nature is coloured.” —Paul Cezanne

“Pure drawing is an abstraction. Drawing and colour are not distinct, everything in nature is coloured.” —Paul Cezanne

TOP TEN ABSTRACT QUOTES AND SAYINGS

Here you will find top ten abstract sayings and quotes selected by our team.

  1. “Abstract ideas are the patterns two or more memories have in common.” —Rudolf Flesch
  2. “Abstraction forces you to reach the highest level of the basics.” —Alan Soffer
  3. “Wisdom is the abstract of the past, but beauty is the promise of the future.” —Unknown
  4. “Abstraction is the way to the heart – it is not the heart itself.” —John Piper
  5. “Pure drawing is an abstraction. Drawing and colour are not distinct, everything in nature is coloured.” —Paul Cezanne
  6. “All good art is abstract.” —John Newman
  7. “Abstraction is real, probably more real than nature. I prefer to see with closed eyes.” —Josef Albers
  8. “The abstract nature of reality is the source of beauty.” —William DeRaymond
  9. “Abstraction is one of the greatest visionary tools ever invented by human beings to imagine, decipher, and depict the world.” —Jerry Saltz
  10. “I understand abstract art as an attempt to feed imagination with a world built through the basic sensations of the eyes.” —Jean Helion