Did you know..


Did you know…

… that today, besides being Labor Day in many countries (Happy Labor Day!), is National Read a Book Day? Book lovers around the world – celebrate your day today! Put down those digital devices and pick up a book and start turning those pages. 🙂

~~~

Today’s Inspirational Quote:

“Think before you speak. Read before you think.”

— Fran Lebowitz

Israel’s Victory Doctrine: A Response


Israel’s Victory Doctrine: A Response

Language matters.  In English “Victory” refers only single combat or battle.  As Clausewitz stressed, ‘victory’ is a tactical term.  It cannot be applied to Wars, except by poets and politicians.  Israel predicates policy success in Gaza as how to employ just enough force to make Hamas behave properly without causing a humanitarian (thus diplomatic) catastrophe.

VIA: cnn Opinion Newsletter


Provoke / Persuade

America has run out of metaphors for crisis

By Jane Greenway Carr / September 5, 2021

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“A man can be destroyed but not defeated,” wrote Ernest Hemingway in his 1952 novella, “The Old Man and the Sea” — words spoken by protagonist Santiago, the “old man” whose punishing experiences at sea embody the noble suffering his words imply.

President Gerald R. Ford cited Hemingway in a 2000 letter he sent to a member of the Fall of Saigon Marines Association — a group whose website says its “members consist of United States Marines serving at US missions in the Republic of Vietnam during the spring of 1975,” when the city fell, on April 30, 1975.

Ford also nodded to T.S. Eliot’s “The Waste Land”: “April 1975 was indeed the cruelest month. The passage of time has not dulled the ache of those days, the saddest of my public life.”

As America completed its tumultuous withdrawal from Afghanistan this week, with Major General Chris Donahue, commander of the 82nd Airborne Division as the last man out — lifting off in a C-17 cargo plane at Kabul — some drew comparisons between Saigon 1975 and Kabul 2021. And one could easily wonder to whose words, years from now, President Joe Biden might turn to describe his feelings.

For now, it was remarks to the nation on Tuesday afternoon, imperfect but “powerful and evocative” in their certitude, wrote Aaron David Miller. The President’s resolute words were “not directed at allies, adversaries or even Afghans — but at the American public,” whose trust in Biden is waning. His approval rating stands at 44%, according to a recent Washington Post-ABC News poll; while a majority of Americans agree with the decision to withdraw from Afghanistan, that same poll says fewer than 3 in 10 approve of how Biden’s handled it.

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Rightly so, assessed Peter Bergen. Bergen spoke with Leslie Schweitzer, a board member of the American University of Afghanistan, about how to help the thousands of students and graduates left behind. Schweitzer described learning that the university “was not considered a priority by the US government,” even though, she says, “our university people are very much at risk” and that the Taliban has taken over the campus (where, in August 2016, Taliban gunmen killed at least a dozen students and staff).

For the Atlantic, David Rothkopf took a different view, arguing that Biden “deserves credit, not blame” for his handling of the Afghanistan withdrawal. “Unlike his three immediate predecessors in the Oval Office, all of whom also came to see the futility of the Afghan operation,” Biden alone had “the political courage to fully end America’s involvement.”

Hao-Nhien Vu urged Biden to look to his predecessors for a model on handling Afghan refugees seeking to escape the Taliban. Presidents Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush kept America’s doors open to refugees from Vietnam, including himself and his family, after the fall of Saigon: “Should we do the same for the people of Afghanistan? Yes … Can we do it? Yes. As trying as our current moment is, the US is economically and socially stronger now than it was in the 1970s. The question is: Will we do it?

Why #TexasTaliban was trending

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After an extreme law banning abortions after six weeks of pregnancy and empowering citizens to enforce the law themselves took effect in Texas Wednesday, Frida Ghitis called out the hypocrisy of state Republicans. “The same politicians who declare that mask requirements are an intolerable intrusion by government into sacrosanct individual freedom, have just imposed the country’s most restrictive abortion law since the Supreme Court made abortion legal in the landmark 1973 decision, Roe v. Wade.”

And after the Supreme Court, in a 5-4 midnight order, allowed the law to stay in effect despite “serious constitutional questions,” The Nation’s Elie Mystal urged Democrats to “get creative to protect women’s rights. They will need to be willing to challenge ‘norms,'” he wrote (citing as one possibility federalizing abortion providers to protect them from private civil actions in the state). His bottom line: Instead of throwing up their hands, Democrats “will need to act like Republicans.”

Legal historian Mary Ziegler wrote that the Supreme Court’s refusal to stand in the way of Texas’s dystopia spotlights the long-game strategies the anti-abortion movement has been building at the state level for years. Not only is there nothing “stopping other states from following the playbook Texas has developed,” which is sinister in its “genius” according to Ziegler, but other state abortion challenges loom on the horizon, most notably a Mississippi case that will be argued before the Court in the fall.

A back-to-school nightmare

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For many Americans, Labor Day weekend signals an official end to summer; many K-12 and college students are already back in their classrooms, and more will soon follow. Parents, teachers, students and the medical community are all facing a steep rise in cases of the Delta variant as what began as a summer of hope transforms into an autumn of anxiety.

It’s a lot for anyone to process, acknowledged Luke Winkie in The New York Times. He asked: “Is it possible to be hoodwinked by a respiratory disease? This is a question I never thought I’d need to ask. God, I miss that ignorance. Remember the short period of euphoria when the whole nation believed that the pandemic had been defeated for good? Remember how we danced on its grave?”

Dr. Susannah Hills, a pediatric airway surgeon, pointed to the hospitalization of children in Texas and Florida and observed that children, as they return to school, could be at higher risk for a combination of Covid and RSV (respiratory syncytial virus — one of the most prevalent pathogens that can damage young children’s airway and lungs). Hills wrote: “While we wait for Covid-19 vaccines to be approved for kids younger than 12, political leaders must allow our school systems access to the essential protection of mask mandates. They must also facilitate strategies to help vaccinate every eligible person — instead of obstructing these efforts,” Hills writes.

Nicole Hemmer put the increasing cases of companies instituting vaccine mandates in the context of the long history of private industry’s role stepping in to push public policy goals when governments don’t. “The private mandate saps some of the polarized politics from the vaccine,” she noted.

History professor Ruth Ben-Ghiat, meanwhile, mourned the loss of what is normally a joyful time for faculty, staff and students as they return to college campuses. Outbreaks across the country, and uneven use of vaccine or mask mandates have left many vulnerable, she argued. Some instructors have resigned or been fired amid this tension. “Asking faculty to participate in practices that can jeopardize collective well-being is untenable in a moral as well as public health sense … No matter the individual policies in place at a particular school, many faculty feel in a broader sense that they, their students and the staff who work alongside them are being treated like guinea pigs in an experiment predicated on a refusal by most universities and colleges to entertain a return to remote teaching, no matter what happens.”

Ida: The sign that ‘wait and see’ days are over

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Hurricane Ida devastated Louisiana, smashed across the South and left dozens dead in the Northeast amid shocking images of flooded subway stations and swamped basements. Alexandra Kane, a New Orleans resident who fled to Mobile, Alabama, before Hurricane Ida made landfall, said the decision to evacuate wasn’t easy: “The truth is that evacuating is a privilege — one that requires money, transportation and a safe place to flee to.” Kane and her neighbors had come to rely on each other during the pandemic, creating a tight-knit extended family. They frequently gathered on their building’s porch — eating, talking and celebrating. She described tears, paralysis, preparation: “I bought supplies in case we stayed, and I packed in case we left … I know leaving was the right thing for me to do but the thought that I could have been of help in any capacity haunts me.”

Jesse M. Keenan, who also evacuated from Louisiana, wrote that politicians and bureaucrats are too quick to point a blaming finger at a so-called lack of community resilience instead of connecting storm suffering to the dire need for action on the climate crisis, especially the curbing of fossil fuel emissions.

On top of this pain and fear, scientists in Ida’s path expressed anger and frustration. As ecologist Carl Safina put it: “Like most scientists, I’m not an alarmist and I don’t jump to conclusions. If anything, I am a ‘wait and see’ kind of guy. But there is an undeniable pattern here: more extreme weather is happening more often, and we are its cause.” Adam H. Sobel emphasized: “The nonstop, compound environmental disasters of this summer alone — the fires, heat waves, droughts, floods and hurricanes — would probably have been enough to shock us. But they also come after a year and a half of a pandemic. Even worse, they come atop an ongoing crisis for our democracy that is preventing us, as a nation and a species, from effectively meeting any of these challenges … With a retrograde faction as powerful as it is in our national politics, we’re supposed to solve the climate problem?

More smart takes:

Mitch LandrieuFrom Katrina to Ida, what has Louisiana learned?

Merissa Nathan GersonI fled Ida. Are we truly all together in a storm?

As if my family could ever forget

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With the 20th anniversary of the terror attacks of September 11, 2001 days away, Kimberly Rex wrote that the refrain of “never forget” rings hollow for those like her — her father perished in the World Trade Center’s north tower. There is no forgetting, ever, for families of victims, for anyone who fled those buildings, who responded first or who searched for victims, she wrote: “We are haunted by what we remember, 20 years later and likely 20 years later … As if each year, when the calendar slowly moves toward September, the little things — like the slight chill of a fall breeze or the scent of the leaves at my feet — don’t settle in my stomach, hard and knotted. As if my body doesn’t remember. Muscle memory of grief … As though it’s easy to forget that your strong, stocky father was whittled down to only pieces. That when we buried him, only my mother knew how much of him was inside the coffin. As if we’d forget that this actually makes us lucky. That others have only empty plots filled with knickknacks, mementos instead of remains …”

More commentary:

Jonathan A. Greenblatt: ADL head: On NY Islamic center, we were wrong, plain and simple

This Labor Day, meet America’s newest union-in-the-making

Labor Day, since its inception in 1882, has celebrated the movement for workers’ rights. With Covid laying bare the lack of respect for the economic value of mothers’ caregiving and caretaking, it’s time for a labor movement for moms, writes Reshma Saujani. “Moms should be clear-eyed about this call to action: like the teachers and drivers and service workers that comprise the backbone of our nation’s economy and society, we too may be told that ‘we chose this role’ — and therefore have no right to complain. It’s an argument that ignores both the value we create, and the conditions under which we’re expected to create it … So, this Labor Day — with a new school year and a new season of uncertainty for families upon us — let’s borrow a page from the union playbook. Let’s harness the grit and optimism we put into caring for others to create better conditions for ourselves.”

Don’t miss:

Jeff SachsWhat Sen. Joe Manchin doesn’t get

Suzana CamargoIt’s clear that hurricane devastation is going to get worse

Jill FilipovicWhat’s behind Jan. 6 committee’s call for GOP lawmakers’ call logs?

Keith MageeLessons from the March on Washington on the value of allyship

Holly ThomasWhy Gen Z is so obsessed with the early 2000s

‘Jeopardy!’ clue: The person who eventually gets the beloved position on television she/he should have had all along

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Peniel E. Joseph weighed in on the ouster of Mike Richards as executive producer at “Jeopardy!” — deeming it tellingly overdue — and described what it would mean to see LeVar Burton on the screen as permanent host: “many fans (myself included) wondered why Burton, former star of ‘Roots,’ ‘Star Trek: The Next Generation’ and beloved children’s show ‘Reading Rainbow’ — the closest thing America has to a Black Mr. Rogers — was not named the permanent host, even after a very visible campaign of public support for him unfolded on social media. The image of Burton as ‘Jeopardy!’ host is a deliciously subversive one. A Black host of a game that appeals to intelligence, curiosity, a love of books and learning would visibly refute stereotypes about Blackness and intellect that have remained stubbornly powerful in American society.”

What were your favorite opinion takes this week? Let us know your thoughts!
Write to cnnopinionfeedback@cnn.com or just reply to this email.

Via Brainfood newsletter FS


Tiny Thought

As a teenager in the 1990s, I had a part-time job selling computers. People would come in and buy the best computer they could afford but almost always get the cheapest mouse. The owner loved this.

Inevitably, the customer would come back in about a month and purchse a slightly better mouse. The process would repeat until they eventually ‘caved’ and bought a great mouse. Only by this point they’ve spent at least 1.5 times what they would have spent had they just bought it when they purchased their computer.

It might not seem like there’s a lot to learn from this, but I think there is. Often what seems like an expensive solution is a cheap solution (in the long run) and what seems like a cheap solution is very expensive (in the long run).

A few years back a friend of mine had recently spent a very large sum of money on a house. We went shopping one day looking for a lamp. He found one he loved but the price tag seemed too expensive. Instead, he opted for one that was slightly less expensive but he only considered OK. I visited the other day and noticed the lamp had been replaced.

What seems expensive is often cheap in the long run.

Insights via FS Newsletter


Insight

“I very frequently get the question: “What’s going to change in the next 10 years?” That’s a very interesting question.

I almost never get the question: “What’s not going to change in the next 10 years?” And I submit to you that that second question is actually the more important of the two.

You can build a business strategy around the things that are stable in time. In our retail business, we know that customers want low prices, and I know that’s going to be true 10 years from now. They want fast delivery; they want vast selection. It’s impossible to imagine a future 10 years from now where a customer comes up and says, “Jeff I love Amazon, I just wish the prices were a little higher.” Or, “I love Amazon, I just wish you’d deliver a little slower.” Impossible.

So we know the energy we put into these things today will still be paying off dividends for our customers 10 years from now. When you have something that you know is true, even over the long term, you can afford to put a lot of energy into it.”

— Jeff Bezos

UK banks warned to watch for terrorist-related money-laundering risks


What is Unplug?


WORD OF THE DAY
Unplug ən-PLUHGPart of speech: verbOrigin: Uncertain origin
1Relax by disengaging from normal activities.2Disconnect (an electrical device) by removing its plug from a socket.
 
Examples of Unplug in a sentence “Mario wanted everyone in his family to unplug during their weekend trip to the cabin.” “Studies show it’s healthy for children to unplug from their electronic devices.”

Interesting Monkey tale via Whatsapp University


A Man was travelling in a boat with his two monkeys.

There was also a Philosopher with other passengers in that boat.

The two monkeys had never travelled in a boat before, so, they were not feeling comfortable.

They were jumping up and down, not letting anyone sit in peace.

The boatman was troubled by this and was concerned that the boat would sink due to the panic of the passengers.

If the monkeys don’t calm down it will drown the boat.

The man was upset about the situation, but could not find any way to calm the Two Monkeys.

The philosopher watched all this and decided to help.

He said: ” If you allow, I can make these monkeys as quiet as house cats.”

The Man immediately agreed.

The Philosopher, with the help of two passengers, picked up the monkeys and threw it into the river.

The monkeys started to swim desperately to stay afloat.

They were now dying and struggled for life.

After some time, the philosopher dragged the Monkeys back into the boat.

The monkeys were quiet and sat in a corner.

The man and all passengers were surprised at the changed behaviour of the Monkeys.

The man asked the philosopher: “At first they were jumping up and down. Now they are sitting like pet cats. Why?”

Philosopher said: “No one realises the misfortune of others without tasting the trouble. When I threw these monkeys into the water, they understood the power of the water and the usefulness of the boat. They realised that their jumping around may upturn the boat and drown them too”..

Monkeys that are jumping up and down in India just because they have freedom should be thrown in Nigeria, North Korea, Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Iraq or Pakistan or even China for 6 months, then on coming to India, they will automatically become calm and will lie in a corner..

Dedicated to all those monkeys, abusing India every other day just because they hate the govt..

Interesting information from friends of WhatsApp University …


यह जानकारी आपको कहीं नहीं मिलेगी और न कोई बताएगा:- 👇

xxxxxxxxxx 01 xxxxxxxxxx
दो लिंग : नर और नारी ।
दो पक्ष : शुक्ल पक्ष और कृष्ण पक्ष।
दो पूजा : वैदिकी और तांत्रिकी (पुराणोक्त)।
दो अयन : उत्तरायन और दक्षिणायन।

xxxxxxxxxx 02 xxxxxxxxxx
तीन देव : ब्रह्मा, विष्णु, शंकर।
तीन देवियाँ : महा सरस्वती, महा लक्ष्मी, महा गौरी।
तीन लोक : पृथ्वी, आकाश, पाताल।
तीन गुण : सत्वगुण, रजोगुण, तमोगुण।
तीन स्थिति : ठोस, द्रव, गैस ।
तीन स्तर : प्रारंभ, मध्य, अंत।
तीन पड़ाव : बचपन, जवानी, बुढ़ापा।
तीन रचनाएँ : देव, दानव, मानव।
तीन अवस्था : जागृत, मृत, बेहोशी।
तीन काल : भूत, भविष्य, वर्तमान।
तीन नाड़ी : इडा, पिंगला, सुषुम्ना।
तीन संध्या : प्रात:, मध्याह्न, सायं।
तीन शक्ति : इच्छाशक्ति, ज्ञानशक्ति, क्रियाशक्ति।

xxxxxxxxxx 03 xxxxxxxxxx
चार धाम : बद्रीनाथ, जगन्नाथ पुरी, रामेश्वरम्, द्वारका।
चार मुनि : सनत, सनातन, सनंद, सनत कुमार।
चार वर्ण : ब्राह्मण, क्षत्रिय, वैश्य, शूद्र।
चार निति : साम, दाम, दंड, भेद।
चार वेद : सामवेद, ॠग्वेद, यजुर्वेद, अथर्ववेद।
चार स्त्री : माता, पत्नी, बहन, पुत्री।
चार युग : सतयुग, त्रेतायुग, द्वापर युग, कलयुग।
चार समय : सुबह,दोपहर, शाम, रात।
चार अप्सरा : उर्वशी, रंभा, मेनका, तिलोत्तमा।
चार गुरु : माता, पिता, शिक्षक, आध्यात्मिक गुरु।
चार प्राणी : जलचर, थलचर, नभचर, उभयचर।
चार जीव : अण्डज, पिंडज, स्वेदज, उद्भिज।
चार वाणी : ओम्कार्, अकार्, उकार, मकार्।
चार आश्रम : ब्रह्मचर्य, ग्रहस्थ, वानप्रस्थ, सन्यास।
चार भोज्य : खाद्य, पेय, लेह्य, चोष्य।
चार पुरुषार्थ : धर्म, अर्थ, काम, मोक्ष।
चार वाद्य : तत्, सुषिर, अवनद्व, घन।

xxxxxxxxxx 04 xxxxxxxxxx
पाँच तत्व : पृथ्वी, आकाश, अग्नि, जल, वायु।
पाँच देवता : गणेश, दुर्गा, विष्णु, शंकर, सुर्य।
पाँच ज्ञानेन्द्रियाँ : आँख, नाक, कान, जीभ, त्वचा।
पाँच कर्म : रस, रुप, गंध, स्पर्श, ध्वनि।
पाँच उंगलियां : अँगूठा, तर्जनी, मध्यमा, अनामिका, कनिष्ठा।
पाँच पूजा उपचार : गंध, पुष्प, धूप, दीप, नैवेद्य।
पाँच अमृत : दूध, दही, घी, शहद, शक्कर।
पाँच प्रेत : भूत, पिशाच, वैताल, कुष्मांड, ब्रह्मराक्षस।
पाँच स्वाद : मीठा, चर्खा, खट्टा, खारा, कड़वा।
पाँच वायु : प्राण, अपान, व्यान, उदान, समान।
पाँच इन्द्रियाँ : आँख, नाक, कान, जीभ, त्वचा, मन।
पाँच वटवृक्ष : सिद्धवट (उज्जैन), अक्षयवट (Prayagraj), बोधिवट (बोधगया), वंशीवट (वृंदावन), साक्षीवट (गया)।
पाँच पत्ते : आम, पीपल, बरगद, गुलर, अशोक।
पाँच कन्या : अहिल्या, तारा, मंदोदरी, कुंती, द्रौपदी।

xxxxxxxxxx 05 xxxxxxxxxx
छ: ॠतु : शीत, ग्रीष्म, वर्षा, शरद, बसंत, शिशिर।
छ: ज्ञान के अंग : शिक्षा, कल्प, व्याकरण, निरुक्त, छन्द, ज्योतिष।
छ: कर्म : देवपूजा, गुरु उपासना, स्वाध्याय, संयम, तप, दान।
छ: दोष : काम, क्रोध, मद (घमंड), लोभ (लालच), मोह, आलस्य।

xxxxxxxxxx 06 xxxxxxxxxx
सात छंद : गायत्री, उष्णिक, अनुष्टुप, वृहती, पंक्ति, त्रिष्टुप, जगती।
सात स्वर : सा, रे, ग, म, प, ध, नि।
सात सुर : षडज्, ॠषभ्, गांधार, मध्यम, पंचम, धैवत, निषाद।
सात चक्र : सहस्त्रार, आज्ञा, विशुद्ध, अनाहत, मणिपुर, स्वाधिष्ठान, मूलाधार।
सात वार : रवि, सोम, मंगल, बुध, गुरु, शुक्र, शनि।
सात मिट्टी : गौशाला, घुड़साल, हाथीसाल, राजद्वार, बाम्बी की मिट्टी, नदी संगम, तालाब।
सात महाद्वीप : जम्बुद्वीप (एशिया), प्लक्षद्वीप, शाल्मलीद्वीप, कुशद्वीप, क्रौंचद्वीप, शाकद्वीप, पुष्करद्वीप।
सात ॠषि : वशिष्ठ, विश्वामित्र, कण्व, भारद्वाज, अत्रि, वामदेव, शौनक।
सात ॠषि : वशिष्ठ, कश्यप, अत्रि, जमदग्नि, गौतम, विश्वामित्र, भारद्वाज।
सात धातु (शारीरिक) : रस, रक्त, मांस, मेद, अस्थि, मज्जा, वीर्य।
सात रंग : बैंगनी, जामुनी, नीला, हरा, पीला, नारंगी, लाल।
सात पाताल : अतल, वितल, सुतल, तलातल, महातल, रसातल, पाताल।
सात पुरी : मथुरा, हरिद्वार, काशी, अयोध्या, उज्जैन, द्वारका, काञ्ची।
सात धान्य : गेहूँ, चना, चांवल, जौ मूँग,उड़द, बाजरा।

xxxxxxxxxx 07 xxxxxxxxxx
आठ मातृका : ब्राह्मी, वैष्णवी, माहेश्वरी, कौमारी, ऐन्द्री, वाराही, नारसिंही, चामुंडा।
आठ लक्ष्मी : आदिलक्ष्मी, धनलक्ष्मी, धान्यलक्ष्मी, गजलक्ष्मी, संतानलक्ष्मी, वीरलक्ष्मी, विजयलक्ष्मी, विद्यालक्ष्मी।
आठ वसु : अप (अह:/अयज), ध्रुव, सोम, धर, अनिल, अनल, प्रत्युष, प्रभास।
आठ सिद्धि : अणिमा, महिमा, गरिमा, लघिमा, प्राप्ति, प्राकाम्य, ईशित्व, वशित्व।
आठ धातु : सोना, चांदी, तांबा, सीसा जस्ता, टिन, लोहा, पारा।

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नवदुर्गा : शैलपुत्री, ब्रह्मचारिणी, चन्द्रघंटा, कुष्मांडा, स्कन्दमाता, कात्यायनी, कालरात्रि, महागौरी, सिद्धिदात्री।
नवग्रह : सुर्य, चन्द्रमा, मंगल, बुध, गुरु, शुक्र, शनि, राहु, केतु।
नवरत्न : हीरा, पन्ना, मोती, माणिक, मूंगा, पुखराज, नीलम, गोमेद, लहसुनिया।
नवनिधि : पद्मनिधि, महापद्मनिधि, नीलनिधि, मुकुंदनिधि, नंदनिधि, मकरनिधि, कच्छपनिधि, शंखनिधि, खर्व/मिश्र निधि।

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दस महाविद्या : काली, तारा, षोडशी, भुवनेश्वरी, भैरवी, छिन्नमस्तिका, धूमावती, बगलामुखी, मातंगी, कमला।
दस दिशाएँ : पूर्व, पश्चिम, उत्तर, दक्षिण, आग्नेय, नैॠत्य, वायव्य, ईशान, ऊपर, नीचे।
दस दिक्पाल : इन्द्र, अग्नि, यमराज, नैॠिति, वरुण, वायुदेव, कुबेर, ईशान, ब्रह्मा, अनंत।
दस अवतार (विष्णुजी) : मत्स्य, कच्छप, वाराह, नृसिंह, वामन, परशुराम, राम, कृष्ण, बुद्ध, कल्कि।
दस सती : सावित्री, अनुसुइया, मंदोदरी, तुलसी, द्रौपदी, गांधारी, सीता, दमयन्ती, सुलक्षणा, अरुंधती। 🕉🙏✡

नोट : कृपया उपर्युक्त पोस्ट को बच्चो को कण्ठस्थ करा दे। इससे घर में भारतीय संस्कृति जीवित रहेगी। 🚩🚩🚩🚩🚩🚩🚩