PraxisPRAK-səsPart of speech: nounOrigin: Greek, late 16th century
1Practice, as distinguished from theory; accepted practice or custom.
Examples of Praxis in a sentence “Jeremy put the Hippocratic Oath into praxis on a daily basis.” “Marian turned her exercise plan into praxis.”

When the objections change: Seth Godin

When the objections change [ ]

An objection is a useful way to understand what someone wants or needs. “I might buy that, but I need one that comes in red,” helps you learn that the color choice matters to this person.

Sometimes, it’s possible that an objection can be overcome. “I just found a red one in the warehouse,” certainly deals with the color issue.

If that happens, if new information overcomes a previous objection, it’s often followed by a new objection. “The safety issue you said you were worried about is addressed in this peer-reviewed study…” And then there’s another objection, and another…

What’s actually happening is the person is saying, “I’m afraid.”

It might be, “I’m afraid to tell you that I’m not interested.” But it’s more likely that it’s, “I’m afraid of the unknown, I’m afraid about what my friends will think, I’m afraid about money…”

And there are two reasons that people won’t tell you that they’re afraid. First, because our culture has taught us that fear is something to be ashamed of. But far more than that, because we’re concerned that if we share our fear, you’ll push us to go forward, and we’re afraid to do that.

When dealing with someone who’s afraid, when they’re objecting to something that’s important, it’s tempting to imagine that more evidence will make a difference–that it’s the objections that matter. But more studies of efficacy or public health or performance aren’t going to address the real objection.

Money (“it’s too expensive”) is a common objection, but it’s often not the real reason. Price is simply a useful way to end the conversation.

“I’m afraid” is something we don’t want to say, so we search for an objection instead.

And what leads to forward motion? Either a shift in the culture, in peer approval, which lowers fear. Or sometimes, the fear of doing nothing exceeds the fear of moving forward.

Five Useful Phrases

  1.  There’s No I in Team Meaning: To not work alone, but rather, together with others in order to achieve a certain goal.
  2. A Little Bird Told Me Meaning: Used when you don’t wish to divulge where you got the information.
  3. Right Out of the Gate Meaning: Right from the beginning; to do something from the start.
  4. Shot In the Dark Meaning: An attempt that has little chance for success.
  5. Down To Earth Meaning: Practical or humble; unpretentious.



It is not the absence of fear that is courage, but the mastery over it.
Courage is resistance to fear, mastery of fear, not absence of fear. (Mark Twain)
We’re harvesting the fruits of the seeds planted by those before us. Make sure you plant the right seeds for those who come after you.
Someone is sitting in the shade today because someone planted a tree a long time ago. (Warren Buffett)

brown wooden blocks on white table

Feudal/ Expansionist China Is Building Entire Villages in Bhutan’s Territory

Shame on Chinese.

James Clear Newsletter every Thursday

3-2-1 Newsletter by James Clear“The most wisdom per word of any newsletter on the web.”

3-2-1: Starting from zero, and how to choose what to work on

read onJAMESCLEAR.COM | JUNE 24, 2021

Happy 3-2-1 Thursday,

Here are 3 ideas, 2 quotes, and 1 question to consider this week…

3 Ideas From Me


“Starting from zero can be a gift.

If you don’t have much to begin with, you don’t have much to lose.

You can be bold when you aren’t trying to protect something.”

(Share this on Twitter)​


“In many cases, the outcome you want will continue to elude you—even if you try harder.

But it may be possible if you try differently.

Can your current choices carry you to your desired future? If not, something has to change. You can’t get there from here. You have to get on a different trajectory.”


“You don’t need a better computer to become a writer.

You don’t need a better guitar to become a musician.

You don’t need a better camera to become a photographer.

What you need is to get to work.”

(Share this on Twitter)​

2 Quotes From Others


The economist John Kenneth Galbraith on the challenge of being open-minded:

“Faced with the choice between changing one’s mind and proving that there is no need to do so, almost everyone gets busy on the proof.”

Source: Economics, Peace and Laughter


Computer scientist Leonard Adleman on intellectual courage and choosing the right problem to work on:

INTERVIEWER: They say the most creative and challenging part of research is finding the right question to ask. Do you agree with that?

ADLEMAN: I wouldn’t characterize it as the most challenging thing, but it’s of critical importance. Sometimes it’s not hard to find the “right question’. For example the mathematics literature is full of very important unanswered questions. In this case, the real issue is: Has that question’s time come? Have we reached a point where developments in the appropriate area of science give us some chance of breaking the problem? For example, I worked on a famous centuries old math problem called “Fermat’s Last Theorem”. I was not ‘strong’ enough to solve it, but I find some solace in the fact that my intuition that its ‘time had come’ was right. The problem was finally solved two years ago by Andrew Wiles of Princeton. It was one of the major events in the history of mathematics.

The other side is to generate new questions. That’s a funny process. The way I seek to generate new questions is to start to look at whole new fields, like biology, immunology or physics. Since I come from a different field, mathematics, I bring an unusual point-of-view that sometimes allows me to generate questions different from the classical questions in those areas. Like the question of DNA computing.

For the young scientist, this question of choosing the right question to spend your valuable limited intellectual resources on is critical. I often sit for months and do no productive work that anybody can see, because I don’t feel I have a good enough question to work on. Rather than take on some lesser question, I would prefer to read a mystery novel. The point is, sometimes it’s important to lie fallow for a time waiting for the ‘right question’ to appear, rather than to engage in uninspiring work and miss the important opportunity when in comes.

I always tell my students and junior faculty that they are better off following their inspiration and their hearts in what research they do, that they should always try to take on the most interesting and important problems, that they should not waste their time on little problems just to make another line on a vitae.

My philosophy is that it’s important, in a curious way, for scientists to be courageous. Not physically courageous, but courageous in an intellectual way. I believe that by working on extremely hard problems, by being courageous, you may succeed. But even if you fail, you fail gloriously. And you will have learned immense amounts, you will have extended the envelope of what you can do. As a byproduct of failing on a great problem, I have always found that I could solve some lesser but still interesting problems—which then fill your vitae.”

Source: Interview at USC (August 2, 1996)

1 Question For You

People will tell stories about you at your funeral. What chapter are you writing today?

via CNN newsletter

Meanwhile in America

June 25, 2021

Stephen Collinson and Caitlin Hu

‘America can function’


“China lied and Americans died.” 

With those words, Elise Stefanik, the number three Republican in the House of Representatives, showed her party’s plan to put the origins of the pandemic at the center of next year’s midterm elections. Republicans are calling on Democratic Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi to hold hearings on whether the virus was naturally transmitted from animals to humans or leaked out of a lab in Wuhan in China. They want to paint Democrats as defending the ruling Chinese Communist Party by not being more active in punishing Beijing for the virus. 

One Republican lawmaker at a news conference beneath the Capitol Dome on Thursday laid out an important argument that explains why the pandemic’s origin is so important. “It’s been over a year. Why does it matter? It matters for public health. It matters for national security. It matters because (of) how we address the next pandemic,” said Rep. Mariannette Miller-Meeks of Iowa, who is a physician. 

The question of whether Covid-19 escaped a Wuhan lab boiled among conservative conspiracy theorists for months, but recently leaped into the mainstream: President Joe Biden tasked US intelligence agencies with investigating the question, and there is scrutiny on whether the virus could have been manipulated for extra transmissibility. But there’s also a risk that politics has already corrupted investigations. 

Stefanik’s comments point to the highly politicized nature of the inquiry. “House Republicans want justice for the American people, we want transparency for the American people and accountability for the American people for the more than 600,000 Americans who lost their lives,” said Stefanik, a Donald Trump acolyte. By piling the blame for every aspect of the disaster on China, the GOP is clearly seeking to whitewash the ex-President’s disastrous mishandling of the crisis. While Trump’s team did vital work in funding vaccine development, the question of how Covid-19 started hardly explains away why he denied, downplayed and politicized the virus once it reached US shores.