Words that Lead to Rome

English literary allusions owe an equal debt to Latin and Roman culture. Follow this rubric to learn more:

  • Janus-faced: hypocritical (from Janus, the two-faced god; January is named for him)
  • Jovial: cheerful (from Jove, a name for Jupiter, seen as a source of happiness)
  • Martial: warlike (from Mars, the god of war)
  • Pyrrhic: where the cost or loss outweighs the benefit (from Pyrrhus, who won a battle but lost most of his soldiers)
  • Stoic: indifferent to pleasure or pain (from the Stoics, a school of philosophy)