10 Childhood Warning Signs Of A Serial Killer

10 Childhood Warning Signs Of A Serial Killer

CHEISH MERRYWEATHER 

 

Serial killers don’t just come out of nowhere. They often have a history of antisocial behavior throughout infancy and early adolescence. Psychiatrist Dorothy Lewis of New York University concluded that a murderer is made through a lethal combination of childhood abuse, neurological disturbances, and psychiatric illness.

As FBI profiler Jim Clemente explained, “Genetics loads the gun, their personality and psychology aim it, and their experiences pull the trigger.”

The following early warning signs are all attributed to some of the most cold-blooded and heartless serial killers ever known. If only someone would have seen it coming.

10Bed-Wetting

The Macdonald triad was first suggested by psychiatrist J.M. Macdonald in his 1963 paper, “The Threat to Kill.” Macdonald had compared 48 psychotic patients with 52 nonpsychotic patients who all displayed violent tendencies. The research suggested that three particular behaviors in early childhood “figure prominently in the ranks of serial murderers.”

One of those behaviors was enuresis (bed-wetting). Although this is common in childhood, it would become a concern if the bed-wetting continued twice a week for at least three consecutive months after age 5. The child might become humiliated or frustrated by his constant bed-wetting as many parents would ridicule a child for this behavior.[1]

Serial killer Albert Fish, who was responsible for three child murders in the early 1900s, was a known bed-wetter until age 11. Donald “Pee Wee” Gaskins Jr., who claims to have killed more than 100 people although he was only convicted of nine murders, also was a persistent bed-wetter throughout his childhood.

9Arson

Macdonald also theorized that arson, or fire-setting, was another early behavioral trait that could be linked to violent tendencies later in life. Fire-setting is a potential warning sign that you have a murderer in the making on your hands as he is looking to destroy anything he can.

Serial killer Ottis Toole, who was convicted of six counts of murder, was also a serial arsonist from a young age and admitted to being sexually aroused by fire. The sinister American drifter claimed that he drew a sense of excitement from seeing the flames—the bigger the flames, the bigger the thrill.[2]

Toole had a troubled childhood. He has often spoken about suffering sexual abuse at a young age. His Satanist grandmother also exposed him to many dark rituals, including self-mutilation.

The setting of fires is linked to a mixture of emotions, including power, excitement, and revenge. Toole might have enjoyed experiencing all three when he was a helpless child.

8Harming Small Animals

The third behavior in the Macdonald triad is harming small animals. Young children who pull on a dog’s tail or yank at a cat’s whiskers are not necessarily out to harm the animal. They are more likely acting out of curiosity.

Mistreatment of animals, including repeated violence without remorse, is linked to troubled children who later become serious offenders in their adult lives. Sixty percent of children who have suffered previous abuse themselves have turned to mistreating animals.[3]

Serial killer Edmund Kemper—who butchered his own mother, his mother’s best friend, six female students, and his own paternal grandparents—started torturing animals from a young age. At 10 years old, he buried his catalive. Then he dug it up and displayed the head on a spike as a “trophy.” At age 13, he used a machete to chop off the head of his replacement cat.

Writer Harold Schechter noted, “Animal torture isn’t a stage. It’s a rehearsal.”

7Head Injury

A study found that the majority of notorious serial killers had suffered headinjuries in childhood. Elaine Whitfield Sharp, defense attorney and expert in head trauma cases, said that these early injuries are connected to a lack of empathy in later life. She explained, “It doesn’t matter whether the frontal lobe damage is psychiatric or traumatic. The result is the same. Gross lack of empathy.”[4]

Richard Ramirez (aka the “Night Stalker”) had a dresser fall on his head, and he needed 30 stitches when he was just five. John Wayne Gacy Jr. (aka the “Killer Clown”) suffered from blackouts when his head was struck by a swing at age 11.

When David Berkowitz (aka “Son of Sam”) was eight, he was hit on the head with a pipe, causing a 10-centimeter (4 in) gash. Albert Fish (aka the “Boogeyman”) suffered a severe head trauma when he fell from a tree at age seven. Dennis Rader (aka the “BTK Killer”) also stated that his mother had accidentally dropped him on his head as an infant.

6Uncontrollable Aggression

One of the first signs of psychopathy in adolescence is extreme antisocial behavior such as persistent aggression. The Institute of Psychiatry stated that about 5 percent of children have a severe level of antisocial behavior which later develops into psychopathy. For 30 percent of children displaying this behavior, it can be attributed to genetics. For others, it’s due to a difficult, traumatic, or neglectful upbringing.[5]

One example of early psychopathy occurred when Ted Bundy was three years old. He had already begun to show an interest in knives. His “aunt” recalled a young Bundy pulling back her bedsheets as she slept and slipping three butchers knives beside her. (His “aunt” was really his biological mother. Bundy was an illegitimate child, so he was raised by his grandparents.)

Serial killer Carroll Cole committed his first murder when he drowned a school friend in a lake. He later confessed to the killing, which was believed to have been an accident until then.

5Witnessing Extreme Violence

Children who witness violence, either as victims or as observers, can become desensitized in the long term. Those who are affected can adopt the perception that violence is an acceptable way to solve problems.

Criminologist Dr. Adrian Raine explained that both biological and social factors surrounding violence in childhood contribute to antisocial behavior in adolescence. In his book, The Anatomy of Violence, he explained, “Genetics and environment work together to encourage violent behavior.”[6]

Most notable was the severe violence witnessed in childhood by serial killer Richard Ramirez. His older cousin, Miguel Ramirez, had returned from the Vietnam War and told a young Richard details of the torture and mutilation of Vietnamese women. Miguel even showed him photographic evidence of what the victims endured.

When Richard was 13 years old, he witnessed Miguel murder his wife. Before Richard Ramirez was captured in 1985, he murdered at least 13 people and tortured dozens more, earning him the name “The Night Stalker.”

4History Of Family Psychiatric Disorders

Five psychiatric disorders are believed to have genetic links—autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, clinical depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia. Looking at the DNA of more than 30,000 people who had been diagnosed with one of these mental or behavioral conditions, researchers found specific variations in the genetic code that were significantly associated with these conditions.[7]

Many notorious serial killers have a history of mental illness within the family. Aileen Wuornos’s father, who was behind bars for sexually molesting a minor, was diagnosed as schizophrenic and hanged himself when Wuornos was 13 years old.

Albert Fish also came from a family with severe mental illness. His uncle suffered from mania, his two siblings were incarcerated in mental institutions, and his mother suffered from visual hallucinations.

The mother of child torturer and murderer Rose West underwent electroconvulsive therapy following a struggle with depression while she was pregnant with West. Rose’s father was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, which made him prone to violent attacks.

3Early Promiscuity And Voyeurism

Childhood voyeurism and early promiscuity are common traits among notorious serial killers. Engaging intimately with others, behavior that included undressing in public or being a “Peeping Tom,” are also traits connected to antisocial behavior.

Criminologist Eric Hickey stated in Serial Killers and their Victims, “The fact [that] certain serial murderers have insisted that pornography was a major factor in their killing young women and children cannot be ignored.” He explained that the four steps are addiction to the images, an increased appetite for those images, desensitization to the violence, and acting out the images.[8]

Ted Bundy confessed that he would look through the windows of neighborswho might be caught undressing when he was a young boy. In his final interviews, he admitted that pornography had an impact on his violent tendencies: “Pornography can reach in and snatch the kid out of any house today. It snatched me out of my home.”

2Manipulation And Callousness

Parents who are manipulated by their children are often locked in a powerstruggle, much like a tug-of-war. The more the parents attempt to control the child, the more the child will act up.

Behavior such as compulsive lying, destruction of toys, emotional blackmail, or violent tantrums are tactics an antisocial child might apply as a means to control his parents. Psychologist Robert D. Hare, who created the Hare Psychopathy Checklist, notes that cunning and manipulative behavior are one of the signs of psychopathy.[9]

In another study, researchers focused on callous-unemotional (CU) pre-psychopathic behavior and asked parents questions about their child’s deceitful-callous (DC) behavior. The five items considered DC behavior are: The child doesn’t seem guilty after misbehaving, punishment doesn’t change behavior, the child is selfish/won’t share, the child lies, and the child is sneaky and tries to get around his parents.

The study found that toddlers who rated high on the DC scale developed significant behavior problems later in life.

1Fantasies

When a child is told that he “always has his head in the clouds,” it’s often just a harmless jibe. Yet what might go unnoticed is just how far the child is willing to delve into his fictional world.

Fantasy can relieve fear and anxiety. But other compulsive forms of escapism are often seen among children who have suffered abuse, neglect, or trauma. The fantasy will play like a loop—which the child will happily return to for his own satisfaction—much like a serial killer’s desire to claim victim after victim.

Serial killer Edmund Kemper confessed, “I knew long before I started killing that I was going to be killing; that it was going to end up like that. The fantasies were too strong. They were going on for too long and were too elaborate.”[10]

Jeffrey Dahmer and David Berkowitz also revealed that they had periods of intense fantasies throughout their youth. Most serial killers have already imagined their first murder in great detail long before they’ve fully committed to the idea.

10 Offbeat Stories You Might Have Missed This Week (8/18/18)

RADU ALEXANDER 

 

It is time, yet again, to look at some of the more unusual or unique stories that made their way through the news cycle this week. Click here to read about all the serious stuff that happened over the last few days. Otherwise, read on for the weird side of the headlines.

Animals were pretty active this week, and we look at some clever birds, a herd of crime-fighting cows, and one vicious squirrel. Scientists were busy unraveling the mysteries of cheese and spaghetti, and we also examine a really weird planet where titanium exists in vapor form.

10Sharp Scientists Solve Sneaky Spaghetti Stumper

Researchers at MIT cracked a decades-old mystery by finally finding a way to break a spaghetti stick in two.

This is a challenge which, over the years, has flummoxed both physicists and laymen. Even Richard Feynman explored the phenomenon in 1939 and failed to find an adequate explanation for it. And the best part is that anyone can try it at home. Just take a single spaghetti stick, hold it at both ends, and start bending it. The challenge is to break it in two halves. While this can happen from time to time, the vast majority of sticks will break into three or more pieces.

It wasn’t until 2005 that a group of physicists from France developed a new theory to describe the forces at work when bending a long, thin rod like a spaghetti stick. They said that the initial break happens in the center, where the curvature is the greatest, and it causes a “snap-back” effect which creates further fracture to the rod. They won the 2006 Ig Nobel Prize for this but were unable to devise a way of nullifying the effect.

A new MIT study had the answer. The secret is to twist the spaghetti. Researchers built a machine specifically for this task to ensure uniformity. They found that the stick must first be twisted to a critical degree and then bent slowly, and it will break in two.[1]

9Rooks In The Workplace

Photo credit: nottsexminer

A theme park in France has put rooks to work by teaching the birds to collect and deposit trash.

Rooks, as well as other members of the Corvidae family, have frequently been hailed as some of the smartest animals on the planet. The people at Puy du Fou theme park in Les Epesses found a practical and useful application for that intelligence. The corvids have been trained to pick up cigarette butts and other small pieces of garbage. Afterward, they deliver their cargo to specially designed bins which dispense nuggets of bird food as reward for their diligent work.[2]

Six feathery cleaners were deployed during the successful trial run, and more have been put to work this week. It remains to be seen if the technique catches on in other places.

8Naked Protest Against Pesky Tourists

More and more Europeans living in touristy cities are protesting against cruise ships that bring tens of thousands of passengers at once, claiming they are causing environmental and cultural damage and pricing locals out of their homes. One Norwegian politician decided to mount his own protest and greeted thousands of passengers aboard one cruise ship in the nude.

Svein Ingvald Opdal is a 71-year-old member of Norway’s Green Party who was vacationing with his wife in the village of Olden. He became annoyed after seeing three cruise liners bring 11,000 passengers in just one day to a small community with a population of 500. He decided to give the next ship a memorable welcome, stripped down, and flashed the incoming tourists.[3]

Opdal described the protest as a “spontaneous act that [he] did mostly for fun.” His wife took a photograph but was too embarrassed to post it online. Instead, the septuagenarian shared it with his 460 Instagram followers. The stunt proved popular enough to gain traction and make worldwide news.

7New Horizons Detects Hydrogen Wall

Photo credit: NASA

NASA scientists announced that the New Horizons spacecraft has reached a barrier they describe as a “hydrogen wall.” The phenomenon was detected by the onboard instrument “Alice,” an ultraviolet imaging telescope and spectrometer used to gather information about Pluto’s atmosphere.

As New Horizons is heading toward the boundaries of the solar system, Alice has discerned a source of ultraviolet light in the distance.[4] Scientists believe the light is being scattered by a wall of hydrogen, which includes “substantial contribution from a distant source” along with hydrogen atoms from our system. If this turns out to be the case, then the hydrogen wall could have been formed at the point where our solar wind encounters interstellar winds. The New Horizons team plans on studying the region with Alice about twice a year and, hopefully, gaining more answers.

Launched in 2006, New Horizons is a space probe whose main objective was to perform a close-up flyby study of Pluto, something it accomplished in 2015. Now, it is headed for the Kuiper Belt to get a closer look at some curious objects. Eventually, it will leave the solar system in around 2040.

6Attack Of The Vicious Baby Squirrel

There are plenty of animals out there that look harmless, even friendly, but still have the potential to be deadly. Of course, we know that of the creatures of the world, none is more fearsome than the baby squirrel. A man in the German town of Karlsruhe found that out the hard way when he had to call the police to come save him from one of these menacing creatures.

Officers responded to a call from a person who was being chased relentlessly by a baby squirrel. They managed to lure it away with a box of leaves, and it promptly fell asleep once in custody. They posted a few pictures of the tiny rodent online, wanting to turn it into their new mascot. They even named it Karl-Friedrich.[5] Subsequently, they realized the squirrel was, in fact, a girl, so they changed the name to Pippilotta, the full first name of Pippi Longstocking.

According to animal experts, the animal was displaying behavior typical of a young squirrel that had lost its mother and was looking for a substitute. She is doing well and has a new playmate in the form of a male squirrel named Bjorn. Pippilotta will be released back to the outside world in September.

5Archaeologists Find The Oldest Cheese In The World, Maybe

The American Chemical Society (ACS) announced the discovery of a piece of dairy in an ancient Egyptian tomb which might be the oldest cheese in the world.

The tomb belongs to Ptahmes, a powerful official under Seti I. It is located in the Saqqara necropolis in the ancient ruins of Memphis. It was first discovered in 1885 but lost again after it was buried under desert sands. Archaeologists from Cairo University rediscovered the tomb in 2010 and have been busy examining all the artifacts inside.

Among the items found was a jar that contained a solidified whitish mass, plus a piece of canvas fabric likely used to cover it up. The contents were analyzed using mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography at the University of Catania in Italy.[6] They detected peptides which identified the sample as a dairy product made from cow milk and sheep or goat milk. Furthermore, the characteristics of the canvas covering suggest it was intended to preserve something solid, not liquid. This led scientists to conclude that the white mass was once cheese.

The sample showed signs of contamination with Brucella, bacteria that causes brucellosis. It is a disease that can spread from animals to humans, commonly transmitted by consuming unpasteurized dairy products.

4Cookie Feud Intensifies

One of the oldest rivalries in the food industry was renewed recently when Hydrox revealed that it filed an official complaint with the Federal Trade Commission, alleging that Oreo representatives engage in sabotage to get customers to buy their cookies over their competitor.

Hydrox made its debut in 1908. Four years later, the similar Oreo came onto the scene, and the feud started. However, it turned out to be a one-sided affair. Oreo was owned by Nabisco, which had the “muscle” to overshadow its competitor. It became the best-selling cookie in the United States, while Hydrox was a distant second and was even discontinued for almost two decades.

Hydrox started selling again in 2015, owned by Leaf Brands, but is now accusing its competitor of taking direct action to hide its products. According to them, Oreo, owned by food giant Mondelez International (of which Nabisco is a subsidiary), has its own sales reps who stock their biscuits directly in stores. While doing this, however, they also hide or move Hydrox products to make them harder for people to find.[7]

In a Facebook post, Hydrox presented some anecdotal evidence in the form of pictures and testimonies from customers and store employees who claim to be aware of the practice. A spokesperson for Oreo said they are sure the complaint “has no merit.”

3Bovine Justice Is Served

A herd of cows brought a fugitive to justice after chasing the suspect through their pasture right into the waiting arms of the law.

A woman identified as Jamie Young stole an SUV in Florida and took it for a ride. She was being pursued by police when she crashed into a stop sign in a rural area of Seminole County. She got out of the vehicle and fled the scene on foot, trying to lose the cops in a nearby pasture.

About 20 or so cows were grazing there and didn’t take too kindly to Young invading their personal space. They started chasing her all over the pasture and even launched a few mock attacks on her. Eventually, the woman forgot all about evading the police and jumped over a fence to escape the bovine horde.[8]

As far as the authorities were concerned, the stampeding herd of cows made for a great visual indicator of where their suspect was. They were there to arrest her shortly after she jumped the fence. Of course, none of Young’s efforts would have made any difference. A helicopter from the Seminole County Sheriff’s Office was watching from above and caught her whole ordeal on camera.

2The Ancient Recipe For Embalming

Extensive tests carried out for the first time on an intact ancient mummy revealed the recipe for Egyptian embalming that had been developed 1,000 years before the complete mummification process, which became a cornerstone of ancient Egyptian culture.

The mummy in question came from the Museo Egizio in Turin, Italy. It was dated to 3700–3500 BC, but that’s not what makes it special. Unlike most other mummies in museums, this one never underwent any conservation treatments and, thus, had its chemical composition intact as it was thousands of years ago.

An international team of scientists led by Dr. Stephen Buckley from the University of York first started work on the project in 2014. Back then, they analyzed textiles that were used as mummy wrappings. Even though they were dated to 4000 BC, these linen fabrics contained embalming agents. From there, the team performed a chemical analysis of the Turin mummyand identified the ingredients used during the process.

The basic recipe calls for a plant oil, a plant-based gum, a “balsam-type” plant or root extract that could have come from bulrushes, and a conifer tree resin, most likely pine.[9] This mixture would have had antibacterial properties that protected the body from decay.

1What’s It Like On The Hottest Planet Ever Discovered?

Photo credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) announced that a certain planet gets so hot that it has iron and titanium vapors in its atmosphere.

The planet in question is called KELT-9b, and it is located 650 light-years away in the Cygnus constellation. It was discovered last year as it orbited its host star, KELT-9, 30 times closer than we orbit the Sun. This has heated the planet to a temperature over 4,000 degrees Kelvin. While this isn’t as hot as the surface of our Sun, it’s decently close, and it still is hotter than other types of stars.

We don’t know what an atmosphere would be like under these conditions, but scientists from the University of Bern speculated that most molecules would be in atomic form and that we would also be able to observe gaseous atomic iron with our telescopes.

Fast-forward a few months, and the FOUR ACES1 astronomy team from UNIGE did just that. While the planet was in front of KELT-9, light from the star filtered through its atmosphere. Using a spectrograph, they could spread the light into its component colors and analyze the chemical composition of the atmosphere.[10] Scientists found iron vapor, as predicted, but were also able to detect the signature of titanium, also in vapor form.

Hot Jupiters are a class of exoplanets which are gas giants like our Jovian neighbor but are much closer to their respective stars and, therefore, have short orbital periods and much higher surface temperatures. Scientists have been lobbying for the creation of a distinct “ultra-hot Jupiter” class for planets like KELT-9b. They are faced with a unique problem, as they believe that most exoplanets, under these circumstances, would completely evaporate.

Random Acts of Kindness

  1. Tell a friend about ARK/World Kindness Day
  2. We all need help sometimes; offer someone a helping hand
  3. Give up your seat on the tube/bus
  4. Oooh wait! There’s somebody behind you; hold the door open!
  5. It can get lonely when you are old, pay your grandparents a visit
  6. Visit a friend who’s sick
  7. Bake for your neighbour
  8. Is that litter on the floor? Pick it up and bin it
  9. Feeling inspired? Make a meal for your family or roommates
  10. Share today’s food with your neighbour!

Random Phrases Generated : Creativity: How well will/ did the Day Go?

  1. A Piece of Cake Meaning: A task that is simple to accomplish.
  2. Knuckle Down Meaning: Getting sincere about something; applying oneself seriously to a job.
  3. Everything But The Kitchen Sink Meaning: Including nearly everything possible.
  4. Give a Man a Fish Meaning: It’s better to teach a person how to do something than to do that something for them.
  5. Short End of the Stick Meaning: Getting the bad end of a deal, or receiving the least desirable outcome from something.
  6. Hard Pill to Swallow Meaning: Something that’s difficult to accept.
  7. Quick On the Draw Meaning: Performing an action with the greatest of haste.
  8. Like Father Like Son Meaning: Resembling one’s parents in terms of appearance or behavior.
  9. Right Off the Bat Meaning: Immediately, done in a hurry; without delay.
  10. Love Birds Meaning: A pair of people who have a shared love for each other.

10 Mind-Blowing Things That Happened This Week (8/17/18)

OUR WORLD

10 Mind-Blowing Things That Happened This Week (8/17/18)

MORRIS M. 

Keeping up with the news is hard. So hard, in fact, that we’ve decided to save you the hassle by rounding up the most significant, unusual, or just plain old mind-blowing stories each week.

The big story this week happened in Italy, where a culmination of human errors led to tragedy when a bridge collapsed, killing scores. Awful as this was, the rest of the week was largely less awful—with one glaring exception we’ll come to later. LGBT rights made strides, US politics got interesting again, and an attempted terrorist attack in London happily turned into a gigantic flop. Here’s what the world’s been up to these last seven days.

10A Bridge Collapse Killed Scores In Italy

Photo credit: ABC News

Until this week, the Morandi Bridge in Genoa was one of the most important in the whole of Italy. It was a main artery for traffic, linking a busy port with northern Italy and southern France. On Tuesday, it collapsed. Vehicles plummeted hundreds of feet. Workers on the ground below were buried beneath tons of concrete. At the time of this writing, 39 people are confirmed dead.

The cause of the collapse is not currently known.[1] However, the Italian government is already pointing the finger of blame at the highways department. Italy suffers from chronic underinvestment in infrastructure, and spending on roads has almost dried up since the financial crisis. The maintenance of the bridge’s steel support arms, in particular, seems to have been below standard, with rust clearly visible in photographs.

Locals had been warning about the bridge for years. In 2012, an official warned that the bridge could collapse “within 10 years.” In 2016, an engineering professor at the University of Genoa warned that the bridge would need to be replaced to avoid a catastrophe.

Their warnings went unheeded—in part by one of Italy’s now-governing parties. In 2013, an M5S spokesperson dismissed warnings about the Morandi Bridge as “a fairy tale.”

9Puerto Rico Revised Maria’s Death Toll Sharply Upward

Photo credit: The Guardian

Hurricane Maria may have been the most catastrophic storm to ever hit Puerto Rico. When it made landfall in September 2017, it caused billions of dollars of damage. Power was only restored to the entire island this week—meaning Maria was also responsible for the longest blackout in US history.

Despite all this, the official death toll remained stubbornly low. So low, in fact, that many began to question whether the island’s government was underestimating the true extent of Maria.

Last Friday, the local administration finally bowed to pressure and all but officially recognized a larger number. The draft official death toll of Maria now stands at 1,427—only a couple of hundred less than Hurricane Katrina.[2]

Bear in mind that this is a draft number and it may yet change. Still, even this represents a significant shift in how Puerto Rico’s leaders are talking about Maria. It seems the scale of the disaster is finally being recognized.

8Unite The Right 2 Was A Total Flop

Photo credit: vice.com

Just one year ago, the city of Charlottesville became a war zone. The “Unite the Right” rally devolved into a gathering of neo-Nazi thugs. At the height of the tension, a white supremacist scumbag known as James Alex Fields Jr. drove his car into a group of counterprotesters, killing one. As this column’s own roundup from that week makes clear, it was a bleak time.

So when the rally’s original organizer, Jason Kessler, began promoting his Unite the Right 2 (UTR2) rally, due to take place in DC a year after the original, there were legitimate fears that this could lead to more violence. We needn’t have worried. On Sunday, UTR2 flopped. Hard. It’s estimated that only 20 people turned up.[3]

Part of this was due to terrible logistics planning. Kessler was so disorganized that he actually finished the rally before it was due to start, leaving at least a couple of attendees standing alone at the starting point. But it was likely also due to a sea change in American culture. The violence in Charlottesville disgusted the world. Rather than boost the profile of white supremacists, it made people see them for what they really are: thugs.

7An Incompetent Terrorist Attack Totally Failed In London

Photo credit: BBC

In March 2017, a lone Islamist radical killed five people by plowing his car into crowds outside Westminster Parliament in London. On Tuesday, Salih Khater attempted to emulate this tragedy. During rush hour, he smashed his car through a crowd before speeding toward the Houses of Parliament. It looked like another terrorist horror had come to London.

Luckily, “incompetence” is apparently Khater’s middle name. Although he hit three people, two were only slightly injured and the other was discharged from the hospital within 12 hours. His car then hit a concrete crash barrier outside parliament and came to a halt. Khater was arrested without incident. His “attack” was a total flop.[4]

One of the greatest weapons we have against terrorists is their own stupidity. The Parsons Green tube bombing in September 2017 could have been a tragedy for London if the perpetrator had not messed up his ignition device. The Barcelona attackers had also originally planned to bomb multiple sites before an explosion destroyed their safe house and forced them to improvise.

The terrorism threat to Europe may not be over, but thankfully, those behind it seem to be getting stupider.

6Costa Rica’s Supreme Court Struck Down A Gay Marriage Ban

Technically, this story happened last Thursday, but the news didn’t break on English language outlets until Friday. In Costa Rica, the Supreme Court finally issued its long-awaited ruling on the constitutionality of the state’s gay marriage ban. In a huge win for LGBT rights campaigners, the justices found the ban to be unlawful.

The government now has 18 months to amend the relevant legislation. If they fail to act, the court’s ruling specifically states that the ban will automatically expire and gay marriage will become legal. This is important as Costa Rica’s lawmakers are so divided on the issue that any compromise seems impossible. Barring a major upset, gay marriage will be legal in the Central American nation by early 2020.[5]

The ruling comes as the Americas are overtaking Europe as the most LGBT-friendly continents on Earth. A ruling by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights seven months ago has set the stage for virtually every nation in South and Central America to follow Costa Rica’s path.

5Tunisia’s Identity Hung In The Balance

Photo credit: dw.com

Beji Caid Essebsi is the 91-year-old president of Tunisia, a North African nation that prides itself on its Islamic identity and laws based in Sharia. On paper, he’s absolutely not the sort of person you’d expect to be championing a progressive upheaval in society.

But in reality?

Essebsi is desperate to rock the Arab boat. This week, he declared that he intended to make sweeping changes to Tunisian society, including decriminalizing homosexuality, making women equal citizens, and outlawing domestic violence.[6]

For Tunisia, this is a huge shake-up that could change its very identity. Right now, Tunisian women are legally forbidden from marrying non-Muslims. Inheritance laws stop women from getting as high a share as male relatives. Gay sex is illegal. While Tunisia is relatively tolerant compared to some Islamic states, it is still a very conservative society.

Now Essebsi could be about to consign all this to the dustbin of history. He’s already signed laws on the inheritance issue and the rights of Tunisian women to marry non-Muslims. Despite large-scale protests, he appears ready to go even further. If he really does strike down laws against homosexuality, it could spur change in Morocco and other neighboring states, too.

4Tuesday’s Primaries Got Super Interesting

Photo credit: NBC News

Ahh, primary season! If you’re a habitual watcher of politics, it’s the perfect time to get your geek on. After the super-close special election and gubernatorial races last week, this Tuesday served up a fresh dose of surprises for us all.[7]

The biggest upset of the night was GOP insider Tim Pawlenty crashing out in the race to stand for Minnesota governor. A two-termer whom the polls had given a comfortable lead, Pawlenty was trounced by pro-Trump unknown Jeff Johnson by 10 points. Johnson will now face Democrat Tim Walz in a race that’s currently shaping up to be very close indeed.

On the Democratic side, the headline news was Christine Hallquist of Vermont becoming the first transgender candidate to ever be picked to run for governor. While Hallquist is facing an uphill battle in a red race, her win is still newsworthy. As is that of teacher Jahana Hayes in Connecticut, who now looks likely to be the party’s first black Congresswoman from her state.

Meanwhile, fans of “The Bern” will be pleased to hear that Sanders handily won the Vermont Senate Democratic primary. If he does as expected and rejects the Democratic nomination, his likely reelection in November will make him the longest-serving independent in Congressional history by a country mile.

3#MeToo Devoured Itself

Photo credit: thenews.com.pk

It feels like the moment when what started out as an important movement finally devoured itself. This week, mainstream reports finally surfaced of a sexual harassment case that played out at New York University over the last few months. The allegations focused on a professor abusing their position to stalk, harass, and make a student’s life miserable.

Only there was a twist. The professor was Avital Ronell, the renowned feminist. Her victim was Nimrod Reitman, a male nobody. When the university found Ronell guilty and suspended her, a cascade of shining hypocrisy ensued.[8]

Feminist professors at other institutions penned an angry open letterdefending Ronell while allegedly defaming her accuser. They used many of the exact same arguments and ad hominem attacks they (rightly) complained about when they were used against female accusers by powerful males. But now that it was another feminist who was guilty, apparently all the lessons of #MeToo went out the window.

It was a supremely unedifying spectacle. #MeToo was a necessary movement that brought down monsters like Harvey Weinstein. But now that its academic adherents have seemingly redefined it as a tool that cannot be used against women under any circumstances, you know its time is up.

2Turkey’s Currency Virtually Collapsed

Photo credit: fortune.com

Last week, Turkey’s refusal to release an American pastor who was held on likely trumped-up terrorism charges triggered retaliatory tariffs from the US. But it wasn’t until the weekend that the impact was really felt.

Combined with other problems facing the Turkish economy, the new tariffs triggered a collapse in Turkey’s currency. The lira shed value at an alarming rate to hit record lows against the dollar. Before we knew it, Turkey was in the midst of a full-blown currency crisis.[9]

The lira has already had a bad year, having lost 45 percent of its value since January. The Trump tariffs merely accelerated the fall, causing the lira to plunge 8 percent in a single day. With inflation over 15 percent, there’s a very real worry that the Turkish economy could be on the verge of tanking.

This is significant because Turkey is an important emerging market and a currency collapse there can affect others. The South African rand and Argentine peso have already been affected. While emergency investment from Qatar stopped the lira’s slide completely, things could yet get worse. Turkey’s president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, is showing no sign of backing down over the detained pastor, and the White House may yet turn the screws even tighter.

1We Learned The Horrifying Extent Of Child Abuse In Pennsylvania’s Churches

Over 300 abusers. Over 1,000 victims. Those were the shocking takeaway figures from Tuesday’s official report into child abuse in Pennsylvania’s Roman Catholic churches.

Across 70 years, priests repeatedly raped children with impunity, leaving shattered young lives and scarred families in their wake. Of Pennsylvania’s eight dioceses, six actively failed to keep kids safe from pedophile priests. It’s one of the worst abuse scandals the US has ever seen.

The report was the culmination of an inquiry launched by Pennsylvania Attorney General Josh Shapiro in 2016. That inquiry was called in the wake of news reports from 2002 onward about historic sexual abuse by local priests. Still, the scale of it all was horrifying, as were the details. One priest was found to have raped a seven-year-old girl in the hospital. Another forced a nine-year-old boy to perform oral sex on him.

The worst part is that, of the 301 abusers named in the report, only two have been arrested. Many of the priests are now dead, but many more have simply escaped the statute of limitations. When many of the rapes took place, prosecutors had a scant five years to file charges (which obviously didn’t happen).[10]

As a result of this, men who raped dozens of children will never have to face any form of justice. When that happens in the Third World, we demand that something be done. When it happens in the West, we apparently don’t do anything. Yet.

In Pennsylvania, there is a new push to change the statute of limitations law that outrageously shielded so many priests from criminal prosecution. We “pray” that there is no next time for this type of child abuse. But if there is, any priest guilty of such heinous crimes should end up in handcuffs (as in the image above) and then prison.

Top 10 Ghost Towns Inside Or Near Famous Cities

OLIVER TAYLOR 

 

We often think of ghost towns as forgotten, desolate burgs located in remote areas with little human population. That’s what makes them ghost towns, at least. As we are about to find out, however, that is not always so.

There are ghost towns around and sometimes even inside famous, bustling cities. In some cases, people in these major cities don’t know about the existence of the ghost towns right in their own backyard, so to speak. Here are ten such abandoned locales.

10Goussainville-Vieux Pays, Paris

Photo credit: Reuters

The deserted town of Goussainville-Vieux Pays shares its borders with the Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris. It is so close to the airport that it is considered a part of the runway approach. The town is deserted and lies in ruin today because of the airport, which was supposed to have turned it into a major urban area.

A huge chunk of the townspeople left when the airport was still under construction in 1973, after a Soviet Tupolev Tu-144 supersonic airplane participating in the Paris Air Show crashed into the town. The airplane destroyed 15 homes and a school. Eight villagers were also killed, along with six crew members.

More residents left when the airport opened a year later. This time, the problem was the noise. Many townspeople were so distraught with the noise of low-flying airplanes that they just vacated Goussainville-Vieux Pays without bothering to sell their homes. Most are overgrown with bushes today.[1]

9North Brother Island, New York City

Photo credit: Julie McCoy

North Brother Island is just off the Bronx in New York City. It has a neighboring island, which is called South Brother Island. Both are unoccupied, although North Brother Island used to be more developed. It opened as a quarantine island in the 1880s. This was where New York kept people with deadly and transmissible diseases like measles and tuberculosis. Its most famous patient was Typhoid Mary, who lived on the island off and on for 28 years. She died there in 1938.

North Brother Island was converted into living quarters for World War II veterans after the war. Thereafter, it became a rehabilitation center for teens addicted to heroin. The rehab center failed and closed down in 1963. New York City considered selling the island, converting it into housing for the homeless, and turning it into an extension of the nearby Rikers Island prison, but it could not decide.

Meanwhile, nature slowly began reclaiming the island, starting with the roads, which are now overgrown with weeds. The buildings also fell into disrepair and are collapsing brick by brick. The New York Parks Department took control of the island in 2001 and has declared it a “harbor herons region,” where herons are allowed to nest without human interference.[2]

8Olympic Village, Wustermark

Photo credit: hildwin

The Olympic village lies in Wustermark, on the edge of Berlin, and was built by the Nazis for the 1936 Berlin Olympics. Hitler had the place built for propaganda purposes. He wanted to show off the might of Nazi Germany.

No Olympic Games had been televised prior to the 1936 Olympics. Hitler chose this as the perfect moment to show the world the superiority and beauty of Germany. Hitler famously tried stopping blacks and Jews from competing in the games but backed down after several countries threatened to withdraw from the event. The village hosted about 4,000 athletes.

The village was converted into a military hospital during World War II and a Soviet Army barracks after the war. The Soviet Army left when Germany was reunified, and the village has remained abandoned ever since. Germany has considered turning it into a housing estate or a museum, but it is yet to reach a decision.[3]

7Matildaville, Virginia

The abandoned town of Matildaville lies along the Potomac River in Virginia, very close to Washington, DC. The town was founded in the 1790s when Harry Lee, the father of future Confederate general Robert E. Lee, leased the land for 900 years. There, he created the town of Matildaville, which he named after his late wife.

Harry Lee hoped to industrialize the land using the currents and water of the nearby Potomac Canal. The canal itself was the brainchild of President Washington, who lobbied the governments of Virginia and Maryland to create the Patowmack Company, which dredged the canal to allow cargo boats through. Most of Matildaville’s townsmen worked with the cargo boats. Others worked in the forge, sawmill, markets, and other businesses that had sprung up.

The Patowmack Company was dissolved in 1823, after it was unable to finance its debts. While it collected tolls from boats using the canal, it did not earn enough to pay off its debts or cover the cost of dredging the canal. The canal itself was unusable for a good part of the year. It froze in winter and flooded when it rained.

The Chesapeake & Ohio Canal Company took control of the Potomac Canal in 1828. It built a new canal, bypassing the original. This destroyed the economy of Matildaville, forcing many of the residents to leave. Solace came in 1838, when some investors opened a textile factory that was powered by the water. The people returned again, and the town was renamed South Lowell. In 1853, the federal government sued the factory for using the canal current to operate its machines. The government won the lawsuit 40 years later, and the town finally went under.[4]

6Thames Town, Shanghai

Photo credit: Huai-Chun Hsu

Thames Town, Songjiang District, is just 40 minutes from downtown Shanghai. It is a planned city and a failed attempt by the Shanghai government to push people away from the busy and heavily populated city center to underpopulated parts of the metropolis.

In 2001, the Shanghai Planning Commission decided to build the town, along with eight others, under its One City, Nine Towns plan. The new towns were supposed to be miniature replicas of famous locations across the world. Thames Town is a replica of Britain. It is even named after the River Thames. The government of Shanghai spent over two billion yuan to build the city.

The town failed to achieve its purpose after a property bubble made the houses too expensive for the middle class. Most of the houses are owned by rich people, who either keep them as vacation homes or so that they can sell or rent them out in the future if the homes increase in value.[5]

5Gary, Indiana

Photo credit: Chris Arnade

The fact that Gary, Indiana, is just 64 kilometers (40 mi) from Chicago, one of the largest cities in the US, isn’t stopping it from becoming a ghost town. Gary isn’t there just yet. It still has a population of around 77,000 people, but that’s not enough to fill the town, leaving parts of it deserted. Weeds have overtaken several areas, and many buildings have fallen into disrepair.

Gary used to be a major manufacturing base and was known to have a crimeproblem. Murder and drug use were common. But most of the industries have closed down, taking the people with them. The criminals followed since there was no one to steal from. The drug dealers also followed since no one was buying their drugs. Today, Gary is a shadow of its former self. It is one of the several American cites that have lost a huge chunk of their population due to the shuttering of industries.[6]

4Olympic Park, Rio De Janeiro

Photo credit: Clare Richardson

To win the bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics, the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro agreed to construct a full-size sports village for the games. The result was a 300-acre village that cost 2.5 billion Brazilian real. That monetary expenditure could not save it from becoming a ghost town. It fell into disrepair just six months after the Olympics.

Electricity, water, and sanitary facilities that were all present during the Olympics are no more. Even the high-rise Marriott hotel that was built for the games is abandoned. Olympic Park caused some controversies during its construction. The site used to be occupied by a poor neighborhood called a favela. The government forcefully ejected the residents to create the village but allowed some to stay after the forced ejections became international news.

One reason why Olympic Park failed to develop after the Olympics is its distance from Rio. It is too far from the city center. Getting to Rio de Janeiro’s busier areas from the village by public transit takes over two hours and requires switching buses several times.[7]

3Drawbridge, California

Photo credit: Paguerra

Drawbridge, California, is a ghost town with a population of zero. This is despite its proximity to heavily populated cities like Fremont, San Jose, and San Francisco. The abandoned settlement is located at the southern end of San Francisco Bay. Drawbridge was founded in the 1800s when “Slippery” Jim Fair and Alfred “Hog” Davis formed the South Pacific Coast Railroad to transport San Francisco residents to Santa Cruz.

Instead of laying their track along the longer route used by stagecoaches, they laid it across the water, through a small island. The area around the island was a major waterway, forcing the company to construct swing bridges in 1876, which they erroneously called drawbridges. This was where the island got its name. George Mundershietz was employed to control the bridges, making him the island’s first resident.

Train passengers soon realized that Drawbridge was filled with wildlife and would often stop to hunt. Hunting cabins and hotels soon sprung up to create a small town. Lawlessness was rife, since there was no government in the town. Prostitution and gambling were normal, and alcohol was openly sold during Prohibition.

Drawbridge started to decline when nearby cities started dumping human and industrial waste into the water. This made the island stink. Nearby salt ponds also forced the birds to leave for less salty areas. The island also began to sink and would often flood during high tide. The last resident left in 1979. Today, it is classified as a wildlife refuge for birds. Trains still use the tracks, but they do not stop.[8]

2Valdeluz, Yebez

Photo credit: Susana Vera/Reuters

Valdeluz is just 61 kilometers (38 mi), or less than a hour’s drive, from Spain’s capital, Madrid. Yet it is a ghost town. The city was built by Spanish construction company Reyal Urbis along the high-traffic Madrid-Barcelona train route. It was supposed to have 30,000 people when completed. Reyal Urbis touted it as a green city with peace and quiet that could not be found in Madrid. It came with its own facilities and golf course. 9,000 homes were planned.

Reyal Urbis only managed to build 2,200 homes before Spain experienced an economic crisis in 2008. Only 200 people were living in Valdeluz at that time. Homes have fallen between 50 and 60 percent in value. Undeveloped tracts are 80 percent cheaper than they originally were. A home that sold for $325,000 in 2007 was worth only $135,000 in 2014.[9] More people have moved into Valdeluz after the housing price drop, but the population is still a fraction of what was intended.

1Tianducheng, Hangzhou

Photo credit: MNXANL

Tianducheng in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, is another of China’s copycat cities. This time, it is modeled after Paris. It is also relatively near Shanghai. Hangzhou itself is not a small city. It has a population of nearly ten million people, although this is no match for Shanghai’s 24 million.

Tianducheng was built for 10,000 Chinese who want to have their own Eiffel Tower copycat and pretend they are in France. But the people never came. The city is more of a destination for tourists and newlyweds who need good locations for their wedding photo shoot. Only about 2,000 people have actually moved in.

Tianducheng is unpopular because it is too far from Hangzhou and Shanghai’s city centers, and there is no public transport. However, it may not be a ghost town forever. If Shanghai or any of the neighboring cities expand in size, people will be forced to live in Tianducheng.[10]

10 Surprisingly Common Ways To Die In Your Sleep

JOSHUA SIGAFUS 

 

Next to eating a healthy diet and getting enough exercise, getting adequate sleep is a staple cornerstone to a healthy life. But did you know that sleeping can also be dangerous?

There are actually a number of things that can go wrong when you close your eyes and slip into unconsciousness—and for some people, the danger is real enough that they never wake up again. In fact, according to an ancient Greek proverb, death and sleep are brothers . . . death being the perfect fulfillment of sleep and sleep being the imperfect embodiment of death.

Sleep has, for the most part, always been seen as a “passive” activity that our body performs on its own. But the truth is that our brain is actually quite active while we slumber. It is also true that there are many unanswered mysteries about sleep that modern scientists have yet to unravel.[1]

As it turns out, there are still some surprising (and somewhat scary) things going on when our conscious brains turn off and our bodies begin the sleeping state. And sometimes, the results can be completely terrifying.

10Sudden Cardiac Arrest


Sudden cardiac arrest, also known as SCA, can occur when the sinoatrial node, which is the node in the heart that is essentially your body’s natural pacemaker, becomes impaired.[2] In other words, this condition occurs when the electrical systems of the heart malfunction. And in some cases, it is deadly within the first few minutes.

How does it kill? Well, it basically reduces blood flow to the brain. And the scariest part? Not only can it happen during sleep, but half of cases show no symptoms before the cardiac arrest occurs.

9Carbon Monoxide Poisoning


Carbon monoxide, or CO, is a colorless, odorless gas that can be lethal if too much of it is breathed into the lungs. It can be found in the fumes that come from running cars, stoves, grills, fireplaces, gas ranges, furnaces, and so on, and it can be almost impossible to detect unless a carbon monoxide detector is in use.

How does it kill? Basically, if enough of it builds up in a small enough space, breathing it in can become toxic. And if you inhale enough of it, just having it in your lungs can be enough to “seal the deal” in a very final way. If awake, the victim may experience symptoms like dizziness, weakness, a headache, or an upset stomach.

But what if it catches you while you’re asleep? Well, people who are sleeping often experience no symptoms, and they can die in their sleep before they even realize that it’s happening.[3]

8Myocardial Infarction


A myocardial infarction, more commonly known as a heart attack, can happen during sleep, though thankfully, the odds are pretty good that this specific type of cardiac event will wake its victim up before it kills them.[4]

Heart attacks happen when blood flow to part of the heart gets blocked. This blockage can destroy part of the heart muscle.

How does it kill? If enough heart tissue gets damaged, the heart may not be strong enough to pump any blood out to the rest of the body. This can result in heart failure, which could be lethal if medical treatment isn’t obtained immediately.

Unfortunately, it isn’t usually possible for a heart attack victim to seek medical attention if they are asleep—and that is the part that’s terrifying.

7Central Sleep Apnea


Central sleep apnea is basically a disorder that causes the sufferer’s breathing to stop and start repeatedly while they are unconscious. It happens when the brain doesn’t send the proper electrical signals to the muscles that control the breathing mechanisms during sleep and is believed to originate from a problem in the brain stem.

How does it kill? Basically, if the case of apnea is bad enough, hypoxemia may set in—which happens when oxygen levels in the body fall below those required for normal life function. This basically leads to oxygen deprivation.[5]

If the brain is not able to rouse the body in enough time to take a breath, the prognosis can be fatal!

6Unexplained Nocturnal Death Syndrome


This is undoubtedly one of the more “mysterious” inclusions in our list.

Unexplained nocturnal death syndrome (SUNDS) was first reported in 1917. Since then, it has gained a pretty scary reputation in both textbooks and on the dark corners of the Internet. In the Philippines, they call it Bangungut, and in Hawaii, they call it Dream Disease.

The exact cause of death among those who die of SUNDS is actually still unclear, but the presentation always seems to be similar. It basically causes otherwise young, healthy individuals to die in their sleep for seemingly no reason.

How does it kill? Scientists still aren’t sure . . . but it tends to occur frequently in Southeast Asia, and researchers suspect a range of possible explanations, from malfunctions of the ion channel to ventricular fibrillation.[6]

5Cerebral Aneurysm


A cerebral aneurysm, also known as a brain aneurysm, is basically a weak spot in the wall of a blood vessel in the brain. It is kind of like a thin balloonthat fills with blood. But over time, as the blood pumps through the artery, it continues to weaken and swell—and if the pressure increases too much, a rupture can occur.

How does it kill? When an aneurysm ruptures, the bleeding usually only lasts for a few seconds. But the blood causes damage to the surrounding brain cells and can increase the pressure inside the skull. If the pressure elevates too much, the condition can quickly turn fatal.[7]

4Enterovirus D68


This is one of the more obscure entries on our list, but that makes it no less terrifying.

Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is a type of non-polio enterovirus that was first identified back in 1962. But back in 2014, there was a huge increase in the number of reported cases, leaving researchers to wonder if the virus was going to become more predominant in coming years than they had expected.

The scary thing about EV-D68 is that while it usually causes mild to severe respiratory illness symptoms, it sometimes produces no symptoms at all. And yet, physicians are saying that the disease has the potential to be more dangerous than Ebola in the US.[8]

How does it kill? It can cause particularly severe respiratory problems, characterized by a high-pitched wheezing sound that has become a dreaded earmark of infection. It has also been associated with muscle weakness and spinal cord inflammation, which is perhaps even more terrifying than the wheezing.

Dying of an infection is not necessarily common, but sometimes, the symptoms are dangerous enough to kill—even if the victim is asleep.

3Dry Drowning


Most of us are aware that you can drown in the water. This seems like a no-brainer. But a lot of people are not familiar at all with the term “dry drowning” and what it means.

And as it turns out, it is a pretty horrific way to die!

Basically, the idea behind this danger is that it is a type of drowning that can occur even after the victim has left the water. It is technically still drowning, but “dry drowning” is the term that has come to be used to describe it, though some doctors have argued for the dropping of said term.

It can occur when inhaled water, even just a drop or two, makes it past the throat and into the lungs. This usually causes symptoms, but they are sometimes mild and easy to miss.[9]

The scary thing is that this water can cause breathing problems that get worse over time. And in some cases, these breathing problems don’t strike until hours, or even days later—after the victim has fallen asleep. So-called “dry drowning” is actually pretty rare when you look at total deaths attributed to drowning, but this makes it no less disturbing.

How does it kill? It basically asphyxiates the victim—depriving them of oxygen until they suffocate.

2The Widow Maker Heart Attack


While most heart attacks have a decent chance of waking their victims up before death occurs, the “widow maker” tends to be an exception. We have already mentioned heart attacks in general once on this list, but this particular type of infarction deserves its own spot.

Why? Because it is among the deadliest types of heart attacks that can occur. It happens when the left main artery, also known as the left anterior descending artery, gets blocked. A 100-percent blockage in this artery is almost always fatal without immediate emergency care—hence the nickname.[10]

How does it kill? Heart attacks with severe enough blockages result in damaged heart muscle. And if the muscle becomes too damaged to pump blood, the result can be fatal.

1Obstructive Sleep Apnea


Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder in which the victim repeatedly stops and starts their breathing process during sleep. OSA is by far the most common type of sleep apnea, and as it turns out, it is also probably the most likely reason that a person may die in their sleep.

This type of sleep apnea is literally caused by an obstruction that blocks the airway. This obstruction is usually caused by sagging throat muscles, though the muscles and tissues of the tongue, uvula, tonsils, and soft palate can all play a part. It is estimated that as many as 22 million Americans suffer from sleep apnea but that 80 percent of cases go undiagnosed—making it a true “silent killer” that many people remain unaware of.

How does it kill? People with OSA experience sudden drops in blood oxygen levels when they stop breathing . . . and if they are already at risk for a heart attack, stroke, or heart failure, then OSA can be the trigger that sets a sudden cardiac event into motion.[11]

In such cases, death may occur before the victim even has a chance to wake up.

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End of the Pas-de-deux – Coda is passe’

Drama

Free verse by jay

Tearjerkers, however hard they try,
Will always be rhetorician speakers.
Do tearjerkers make you shiver?
do they?

Dramatization, however hard they try,
Will always be pantomimic.
Does dramatization make you shiver?
do they?

When I think of saga, I see a tragic story.
Never forget the muddled and wooly-minded saga.

Random Acts of Kindness – Choose one. I have.

  1. Save water – take a shorter shower today
  2. Make someone’s day – tell a friend why you appreciate them
  3. Fight climate change – go vegetarian for today!
  4. Someone wronged you? Forgive them
  5. Taking public transport? Offer your seat to someone else
  6. Feed a stray animal if you spot one
  7. Surprise your parents with flowers
  8. Old laptop or mobile lying around? Donate it
  9. Help somebody with a chore they need done!
  10. No matter how annoying they can be, tell your siblings how much you appreciate them