Tree of Pure Love


Pure love arises in the heart of the aspirant in response to the descent of grace from the Master.

When pure love is first received as a gift of the Master it becomes lodged in the consciousness of the aspirant like a seed in favourable soil, and in the course of time the seed develops into a plant and then into a full-grown tree.

——-AVATAR MEHER BABA

[Source- Discourses by Meher Baba, volume-I, p-161 (Copyright ©1967 by Adi K. Irani, King’s Rd., Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India]

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Soul Search: Jay’s Tantra way to find Answers


Sometimes, I have a deep need felt to do a soul search. Not in a Delta State but in an Alpha brainwave State.  I search for answers = rack my brains but sometimes fail.

I then pick a random Gita Shloka, a Bible Verse and relate them as Random Input from the Gods above and relate to my problem/ thoughts and by attribute listing usually find my answers.

I had been misunderstood in communications many times as rude, challenging, overbearing, dominating, assertive, aggressive, abrasive which I do it by habit and on purpose without being any of the above. The intent is to get people to think. I persist, I don’t insist they follow my advice.  But, when it is ill-perceived and people pass judgements – it hurts. While people tell me they are hurt more by my saying so as they expected me to be sweet as they think I am on their side, know them too well inside out and outside in.

It is often seen by some mentees as Dark Mentoring, Tor-Mentoring or De-Mentoring!  It does work though.  It brings out the real, hidden character to the fore without the use of an EG machine which many of the semi-insane mentees with rare sparks of brilliance and insanity hide with all their might – they get exposed.

So this time I used my own Jay Tantra, I have used before for solving complex dilemmas and this is what I got.

Habakkuk 2:18Passage: “Of what value is an idol that someone has carved? Or an image that teaches lies? For those who make them trust in their own creations; they make idols that cannot speak.

I found my answers in these.  I nurtured a wish that post my death there should be a memorial. There should be a charitable trust doing philanthropic activities and humanitarian work, the latest addition was having a memorial lecture series in my parents’ name who encouraged me to be a speaker from the age of 5 !

I realised, these are what the Bible verse refers as Idols who can not speak, and from the Gita shloka I realised that I should remain unperturbed amid sorrows,  and let these legacy pleasure thoughts disappear and become free from passion, fear and anger – this can help me attain steady wisdom.

My day was made!

10 Things That Developed Because Of The Great Depression


10 Things That Developed Because Of The Great Depression

JADEM 

 

The Great Depression is viewed as a dark and difficult time in America’s history. But there are other stories, events, and innovations that emerged from that time period that Americans enjoy today.

When we think about the Great Depression, we think about the Stock Market Crash of 1929, thousands out of work, soup lines, and President Roosevelt’s New Deal. However, there are little-known facts about the Great Depression and the people who lived through it.

These people were full of life. In fact, you might say that they were lively characters. Some of the notorious bad guys were not all bad. Some of the things that people did to survive would make the strongest stomachs a little squeamish.

If you give Americans a bad situation, they will dig in their heels and find a way out. “Good old American know-how” along with strong determination sustained these great people during this difficult time. It also brought to mind the saying, “Money is not everything,” which could not be truer in this case.

10Chain Letters Became A New Craze

The gloom-and-doom era of the Great Depression loomed over everyone. With thousands out of work and no food for the table or money to pay the rent, people began to focus on ways to make money. Selling apples in the street for five cents was not going to support a family. Besides, the competition was tough on those city streets. So a wise con artist revived a surefire get-rich-quick scheme: the chain letter.

Although some estimates say that the chain letter had existed for about 250 years, the rebirth of its popularity occurred in spring 1935. Many Americans were participating in this activity with the hopes of becoming wealthy. The letters promised to bring good fortune and prosperity if you kept them going. But woe to you if you stopped them! They predicted great harm would fall upon you.[1]

Chain letters began to flood post offices across the country. Although the letters did not bring riches to the participants, they did help the post office increase their revenue. Stamp sales began to increase.

9Zippers Lead The Way

As the Great Depression raged on, people were looking for any way possible to save money. Zippers became increasingly popular because they were much cheaper than buttons. When women made clothing for children, they began to use zippers to save on the cost. Zippers were also used in women’s fashions, making it easier for women to afford new clothes.

By 1934, Hookless Fastener Company had turned out over 60 million zippers. These devices made getting dressed easier. Children could now get dressed by themselves, and parents no longer needed to supervise this activity. This also allowed parents to leave and look for work. Zippers were soon found on jackets, shirts, pocketbooks, and sleeping bags. Fashion began to zip through America with this new trend.[2]

8‘Wee Wee Wee All The Way Home’

The popular children’s classic, The Three Little Pigs, is more than a cute story that we tell children. There have been many versions and even some plot twists. However, it is Walt Disney’s beloved version that is filled with American pride and symbolism.

Disney created this masterpiece in 1933 as a short animated film lasting only eight minutes. However, due to the hard times facing the country during the Great Depression, people quickly fell in love with it and looked at the film as a symbol of events in America.

People saw the wolf as a symbol of the horrible and mean Great Depression. Just as the wolf set out to destroy the little pigs and devour them, the Great Depression was trying to pull apart and destroy American families.

However, the three little pigs used their quick thinking and piggy know-how to outsmart the wolf. The little pigs eventually not only saved themselves but also destroyed the big bad wolf.

People loved that idea and replaced the concept of the little pigs with the American people, who would defeat the Depression. Like the little pigs, people believed that they would come out on top if they worked hard and pulled together.[3]

7Monopoly

Although a version of this game was created in the early 1900s, it was the height of the Great Depression when an unemployed Philadelphia man named Charles Darrow discovered the already popular game through a friend of his. He made his own version, and on March 19, 1935, Monopoly became an instant hit.

In the midst of all the trials and difficult times of the Great Depression, this allowed people the pleasure of gaining instant fame and fortune, even if it was only a game. People enjoyed being the high-rolling, wealthy game pieces that let them make important deals, accumulate large amounts of money, and own property all over the country.[4]

This game was in stark contrast to their real-life situations and a wonderful escape from all of it.

6Al Capone In A Soup Kitchen?

Photo credit: thevintagenews.com

Al Capone has been called a lot of different names. He was a notorious gangster who ruled in Chicago. He had a reputation for being ruthless and self-serving. Nobody is going to deny that he did horrible things, broke the law, and terrorized people who crossed him with his twisted idea of justice.

But Capone showed another side of his personality when he gave back during the Great Depression. In November 1930, Capone opened up a soup kitchen in the First Ward of Chicago.[5]

Capone was known for doing some charity work. However, most people saw it as a way for him to manipulate the situation and benefit himself by trying to clean up his image in the public eye. Whatever the reason for the soup kitchen, there is no denying that it served thousands of meals and helped many people in their time of need.

5Miniature Golf Became A Big Hit

Before the Great Depression, going to the movies was a favorite pastime of many Americans. But most Americans could not afford a luxury such as a movie during the Depression. So Americans began to look for entertainment elsewhere.

Board games and playing cards became quite popular. Miniature golf also took off and became a new craze across America. More than 30,000 miniature golf courses sprang up across the country during the 1930s. Prices ranged from 25 to 50 cents per round.

People held tournaments and sold snacks while watching the game. These attractions added to the pleasure of playing. From the loop de loops to the fantasy castles through which balls passed, people could not get enough of this thrilling game.[6]

4Hobo Dinners

Photo credit: pinterest.com

A favorite around the campfire or even on the backyard grill is hamburger, chopped-up potatoes, and carrots wrapped tightly in tinfoil and cooked on top of the fire. This was actually a popular meal during the Great Depression. Hobo dinners, named after the homeless who lived in shantytowns near the railroad tracks, were a favorite because they could be cooked over an open fire.

The great thing about hobo meals was that you could be as creative as you wanted and add anything. They were cheap and easy to prepare. Some restaurants have even added them to their menus but given them fancier names. So they can charge more than if you made the meal yourself. Either way, it is a fun, easy food created during the Great Depression that is still enjoyed today.[7]

3The Creation Of Boulder City, Nevada

During the Great Depression, construction of the 60-story Hoover Dam, which was situated on the border between Arizona and Nevada, occurred from 1931 to 1936. As eager workers flooded the Las Vegas area to gain much-needed employment, a bigger problem arose—where to put all the workers who would need to be at the dam site for a long time.[8]

Boulder City was established in 1931. Designed to be a model city, Boulder City was built by the Six Companies and the US government to provide homes for the men building Boulder (now Hoover) Dam. The federal government owned the entire town for nearly 30 years until January 1960, when the town was turned over to the State of Nevada.

Boulder City still holds on to that small-town feel as you pass through it today. There is a museum to learn more about the historic building of the city and the Hoover Dam. There are seven main streets that run through the city, all named for states. It may be a small town in the desert, but it is flowing with history.

2Rocky Road Ice Cream Is Something To Smile About

Photo credit: wafoodie.com

Finding something to smile about during the Great Depression could be a difficult feat. But one company struck gold when they found the way to Americans’ hearts by going through their stomachs.

Rocky road ice cream was invented in 1929 by the Dreyer’s Ice Cream Company. Almost all ice cream made at the time was vanilla, chocolate, or strawberry. The ice cream company picked a flavor name to give folks something to smile about in the face of the Great Depression. Rocky road became America’s first blockbuster flavor and remains one of the best-selling flavors of all time.

Today, people still enjoy a delicious treat of rocky road ice cream. It is in the top 10 of favorite flavors that Americans enjoy. Maybe it is the cold, smooth ice cream, the chewy marshmallow pieces, or the crunchy nuts. Whatever the reason, the next time you reach for your rocky road ice cream cone, thank the Dreyer’s Ice Cream Company for this yummy treat.[9]

1The Stock Market Plummeted On Monday, October 28, 1929

Then the inconceivable happened, something people never dreamed could or would occur in America. The situation worsened yet again on the infamous Black Tuesday, October 29, 1929, when more than 16 million shares of stockwere traded.

The stock market ultimately lost $14 billion that day.[10] Some people lost everything and were so distraught that they committed suicide by jumping out of office and hotel buildings.

10 Dark Conspiracy Theories That Actually Turned Out To Be True


CREEPY

10 Dark Conspiracy Theories That Actually Turned Out To Be True

JACK JOHNSON 

 

Throughout history, the world—particularly the the United States—has seen its fair share of conspiracy theories come and go. From reptilians disguised as humans to chemtrails, it’s fair to say that most of these theories are entirely absurd.

From time to time, though, a conspiracy theory that many thought to be ridiculous is shown, in fact, to be correct. In such cases, the truth can prove to be much more terrifying than fiction. The following are ten examples of such real-life conspiracies.

10Project SUNSHINE


Despite its cheery name, Project SUNSHINE was by far one of the darkest conspiracies ever conceived and the most horrifying to be proven real. The project was commissioned by the US Atomic Energy Committee and the US Air Force.

Designed to investigate the effects of nuclear radiation on humans and the environment, Project SUNSHINE saw the US government harvest and use, often without the permission of parents, the body parts of dead children and babies. Younger children typically have higher amounts of strontium in their bones, meaning that their tissues are more susceptible to radiation damage. Thus, they made better test subjects for the project.[1]

9Project MKULTRA


MKULTRA is one of the better-known conspiracies. The general premise—now proven to be true—was that the US government was testing psychedelics and hallucinogenic drugs on unsuspecting American citizens and military personnel, in order to investigate the viability of behavior modification programs. Essentially, the US government was testing mind control techniques on its own populace and left many of its “participants” with trauma and even brain damage.

There are plenty of cases of MKULTRA subjects acting violently or dangerously, and the fact that the US government was so willing to endanger the lives of its own citizens without their consent is perhaps the most chilling part of the whole conspiracy.[2]

8The US Government’s Alcohol Poisoning

Photo credit: Library of Congress

This conspiracy doesn’t have a particular name, but it’s one that has been the subject of much discussion over the years, particularly recently. During Prohibition, the US government tainted industrial alcohol with methanol—a commonly used antifreeze—in an attempt to curb the drinking of it. Reports differ on just how much methanol was added, though most agree that it wasn’t enough to be lethal and was intended more as a deterrent than a punishment.

On the other hand, it has also been reported that there were around 10,000 deaths during this period as a result of the poisoning, so perhaps the intention was darker than we think.[3]

7US Government Spying


In June 2013, intelligence contractor Edward Snowden released thousands of top-secret documents to various journalists, which detailed the sophisticated intelligence network the US, in conjunction with several other Western countries, had been using to spy on civilian populations around the world. Much of this spying was done through social networking companies; for instance, in 2016, US government agencies sent approximately 50,000 requests for user data to Facebook, roughly 28,000 to Google, and about 9,000 to Apple.

Perhaps the most disturbing part of this story is how the National Security Agency conducted multiple espionage operations on US-allied governments, such as Germany, Belgium, France, and Spain. Creepy stuff.[4]

6Gulf Of Tonkin Incident

Photo credit: US Navy

On August 2, 1964, in the midst of the Vietnam War, the USS Maddox, on an intelligence mission along North Vietnam’s coast, allegedly fired upon and damaged several North Vietnamese torpedo boats that had been stalking it in the Gulf of Tonkin. The Maddox was also reportedly attacked by North Vietnamese vessels on August 4.

In 2005, an undated NSA publication was declassified, revealing that there was no attack on the Maddox on August 4.[5]

Since the NSA’s disclosure, many have accused the US government of intentionally faking the incident to increase support for the US war in Vietnam and to justify further military action in the region. In fact, on August 10, the US congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, a bill that authorized President Johnson to do whatever was necessary to assist “any member or protocol state of the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty.”

This technique was also seen in the early 2000s, when the government administrations of President Bush of the US and Prime Minister Tony Blair of the UK asserted that the Iraqi government was actively constructing and stockpiling weapons of mass destruction, prompting the Iraq War. Later, US-led inspections found that Iraq had in fact not been stockpiling or producing WMDs to begin with.

5The First Lady Who Ran The Country

Photo credit: Harris & Ewing

In October 1919, President Woodrow Wilson suffered a stroke that rendered him incapable of governing. Some of us probably know that part. What you might not know, however, is that after his stroke, his wife, First Lady Edith Wilson, decided what matters were important enough to bring to Woodrow’s attention, essentially giving her the unofficial role of president until Warren Harding took over in 1921. Because Woodrow never technically resigned, the vice president at the time, Thomas Marshall, could not take over, and Wilson instead decided to allow his wife to govern for some time.[6]

Perhaps the scariest thing about this whole story is that the US government didn’t inform the public of this. (The people only learned of Wilson’s stroke in February 1920, and even then, the full details weren’t known.) It’s events like these that are the framework of the relatively modern and widely believed Deep State conspiracy theory, which posits that there is an unknown party in the government, independent of changing administrations, that makes most of the decisions.

4The US Government’s Weather Manipulation

Photo credit: US Air Force

In 1993, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the US military, and the University of Alaska created the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program, otherwise known as HAARP. Since then, numerous conspiracy theories have sprung up surrounding the mysterious project, everything from satellites that can cause earthquakes to huge transmitters that can create tornadoes and tsunamis. However, what most people don’t know is that there actually was documented weather manipulation project during the Vietnam War—decades before the creation of HAARP.

Operation Popeye was an five-year project in which the US government used the age-old technique of cloud seeding to increase precipitation during the rainy seasons over North Vietnam’s Ho Chi Minh Trail in order to disrupt the NVA’s moving of vehicles, weapons, and rations across the trail. The general idea of cloud seeding is to send an airborne object, typically an airplane, flying through a cloud while releasing small particulates that give water vapor something to cling to so that it can condense and become rain.[7]

What’s scary about this is if the military has done it in the past (and given the length of the operation, it must have been at least partly successful), what’s to stop them from doing it again?

3The Canadian Fruit Machine

Photo credit: National Post

Despite being one of the strongest proponents of the LGBT communitytoday, Canada’s history isn’t as clean as one would think. In the 1960s, the Canadian government hired a university professor to create a “gaydar,” what it called the “Fruit Machine” at the time. The university professor, Frank Robert Wake of Carleton University, went about this by forcing subjects to look at same-sex erotic imagery while he measured pupil dilation, perspiration levels, and changes in pulse to gauge just how “fruity” they were.[8]

The program was part of a long-term effort to remove homosexuals from positions of civil service. In the late 1960s, funding was cut off—but not before the Royal Canadian Mounted Police had collected files on over 9,000 suspected homosexuals.

2The Dalai Lama

Photo credit: Comet Photo AG

The Dalai Lama is the designated spiritual leader of the Tibetan people. Those carrying the title are generally seen as embodying the tenets of Buddhism: inner peace, enlightenment, and virtuousness. However, CIA documents published by the State Department in 1998 indicated otherwise: For much of the 1960s and some of the 1970s, the current Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatzo, along with many other prominent Tibetan figures, were funneled millions of dollars by the CIA. This funding was part of a concerted effort by US intelligence to undermine Communist China, and global communist presence, by propping up Tibetan guerrillas in their fight against the communist state. According to the report, the CIA funded approximately 2,100 Tibetan guerrillas with $500,000 annually and gave the Dalai Lama himself an annual $180,000 subsidy.

The funding ended in the early 1970s, after President Nixon began to open up more to China in efforts to improve crumbling relations. The official CIA report stated that the purpose of the program was to “keep the political concept of an autonomous Tibet alive within Tibet and among foreign nations, principally India, and to build a capability for resistance against possible political developments inside Communist China.” The Dalai Lama wrote in his autobiography that he saw the cutting off of the funding as “a reflection of their anti-Communist policies rather than genuine support for the restoration of Tibetan independence.”[9]

1Operation Mockingbird


Operation Mockingbird was a 1950s program in which the CIA recruited and propped up various media organizations to influence public opinion. In April 1976, the Church Committee, a US senate task force, conducted an investigation into the CIA’s influence over both foreign and national news organizations and stated that the CIA maintained a huge global network that provided intel for the organization and “at times” attempted to influence opinion through the use of covert propaganda.[10]

The damning report also stated that these same individuals gave the CIAdirect access to a large number of “newspapers and periodicals, scores of press services and news agencies, radio and television stations, commercial book publishers, and other foreign media outlets” and claimed that approximately 50 of the CIA’s assets were individual American journalists or employees of US media organizations.

10 Facts About Ancient Rome That Are Rarely Covered In School


HISTORY

10 Facts About Ancient Rome That Are Rarely Covered In School

BENJAMIN BOUDREAUX 

 

The ancient Romans are well-known for keeping an abundance of written records about their society. Sometimes, it almost seems as though we know more about them than we do about ourselves.

Of course, World History and History of Western Civilization courses and textbooks always cover the history of the Romans. After all, so much of modern society and politics mirrors their achievements. However, some facts never seem to come up in class, many of which are quite strange. Some even border on the fantastical.

10The Romans Closely Guarded Books That Foretold Events To Come

Locked away from prying eyes were books written in spidery Greek that spoke of the future of Rome and her citizens, including its inevitable end. These tomes were kept within the Temple of Jupiter where only the most skilled interpreter was permitted to trace his gnarled finger across the faded lines to determine what was to happen and how best to prevent it.

Legend has it that an old lady approached King Tarquin way back when Rome was still ruled by Etruscan kings. She offered him nine books at an absurd price, which he promptly refused with a hearty “Harrumph!”

She proceeded to burn three of the books and then returned with the remaining six, still demanding the same price. Once again, he refused. But this time, he began to question what he was turning down.

When she returned with three books after burning three more, he quickly bought the tomes. Upon perusing the battered manuscripts, it was apparent that they were books of prophecy for they told of Rome’s imminent rise and fall.

Many associated the old lady with a sibyl who had foretold the fall of Troy. From that day forward, the books were kept secret and closely guarded, only to be brought out when Rome was in peril and in need of answers.[1]

9Crassus’s Fire Brigade Was The Most Corrupt Fire Department Ever

Rome’s First Triumvirate consisted of three very powerful men: Julius Caesar, Gnaeus Pompey, and Marcus Crassus. Due to the overwhelming shadow of Caesar and Pompey, Crassus tends to fall by the wayside in most history classes. This is a shame because he was a veritable misanthrope whose avarice and lack of humanity were legendary.

One of the lesser-known stories about him concerns his fire brigade. After all, what great municipality would be complete without emergency units to respond to catastrophes such as a raging fire threatening to engulf one’s home?

Except this unit would arrive on the scene only to refuse their services until the owner sold his property cheap to Crassus. Imagine seeing your home lit up like a bonfire, just begging to be doused by the firefighters standing not 5 meters (15 ft) away, and your only options are to let it all burn away or sell it for far less than it’s worth.[2]

8The Publicani Were Basically The Mafia Of Ancient Rome

Photo credit: historyhit.com

Ah, the tax collector. What a thankless occupation. Especially if your sole purpose in life is to bleed others dry while you reap the benefits. Believe it or not, tax collectors today are far more benevolent than their ancient counterparts.

During the second century BC, Roman businessmen called the publicanidominated the ancient world. Arriving at newly conquered provinces, they would engage in tax farming with many of the hapless provincials. As has been the wont of the upper 1 percent throughout human history, they absolutely adored squeezing as much money as they could out of the poor and downright stomping on the poorest of the poor.

The wealth amassed by the publicani led them to control trade, banking, and shipping. They became notorious for their brutal tactics as they strong-armed Easterners (including the Greeks, who were Easterners to the Romans). The publicani would collect a tax called the decuma (10 percent harvest tax), much of which went to the Roman government.[3]

As a portion of this wealth found its way into the pockets of Roman politicians, the actions of the publicani were largely tolerated, even if they were tacitly condemned.

7A Man Infiltrated A Festival Exclusively For Women

Photo credit: livingapex.com

It’s December. Pine trees are in your house, carols are in the air, and specials such as Charlie Brown and the Grinch are on TV. You guessed it. It’s the festival of the Good Goddess.

This was a time in ancient Rome when the women would gather together to celebrate the rites of the goddess while the men hid away. Men were not permitted to partake in this festival. Even statues of men were to be veiled.

However, that did not stop Publius Clodius Pulcher from dissembling as a flute girl (or a harpist, according to some accounts) and creepily surveying the multitude of ladies in his midst. Of course, the women grew suspicious of the flute girl whom none recognized.

Their suspicions were duly confirmed when the woman, once questioned, answered in a deep voice that smacked of masculinity. Naturally, the rites were suspended, a trial was held, and Clodius was left to nurse his irreparably damaged reputation.[4]

6King Mithridates Grew Up In The Wild And Was Immune To Poison

Photo credit: Ancient Origins

Although technically not Roman, King Mithridates VI of Pontus played an enormous role in the history of Rome. He was one of the greatest threats to the Roman State, easily rivaling the likes of Hannibal of Carthage.

As a child, Mithridates was maliciously persecuted by his mother. Forced to take refuge in a forest, he lived there for seven years, where he battled wild beasts and subsisted on deer. He also developed a fascination with toxicology, repeatedly ingesting sublethal doses of poisons until he became immune to them.

Unfortunately, this strategy backfired when he was blockaded in his bedroom by sympathizers of Pompey. Mithridates’s attempt at suicide by poison failed, and he was forced to ask one of his loyal guards to take a blade and run him through.[5]

5Sergius Orata Invented The ‘Hanging Baths’

Photo credit: timetoast.com

Much like today, many wealthy city dwellers in the ancient world vacationed at resorts to escape the poor. For the Romans, Puteoli was the place to be. They quickly bought up property so that those awful poor people would never be able to set foot in that region.

A resourceful entrepreneur named Sergius Orata was renowned for his oyster beds. He served up the tastiest oysters this side of the Rubicon. However, he was also known for a popular invention called balneae pensiles(“hanging baths”).

Interestingly, they are called “hanging baths” due to a literal translation of the Latin words. But to this day, historians cannot agree on what they were actually meant to be. Some have argued that these were hot showers, while others believe that they were underfloor central heating systems.

The first argument doesn’t work because balneae means “baths,” not “showers.” The second explanation also seems unlikely because there was already a term for such a system: “hypocaust.”[6]

So, what were they exactly? Showers? Baths? Hypocausts?

4Emperor Caligula Appointed His Horse As A Member Of The Senate

Photo credit: history.com

According to the historian Suetonius, Emperor Caligula adored his horse Incitatus. In fact, he loved that animal so much that he named the steed as a member of the Senate.

Was this a sign of madness?[7]

Well, many scholars have argued that this was done to insult and humiliate senators and other elites. Caligula’s relatively brief reign was characterized by a feud between himself and the Roman Senate and efforts by the emperor to enhance his power within the empire. By bestowing a high public office on his horse, Caligula made it clear to his underlings that their work was so meaningless that an animal could do it.

3The Romans Worshiped Gods Of Excrement

Sterculius was the Roman god of manure and fertilizer. He was merely one of a seemingly countless number of god-spirits that early Romans believed had to be bribed and worshiped if all aspects of life were to proceed smoothly.

This included prayers to Cloacina, the sewer goddess, as well as Crepitus, the god of toilets. Cloacina was the patron goddess of the main drain of the city of Rome, which was known as the Cloaca Maxima.[8]

The Romans came to regard Cloacina in a variety of other ways. For example, they eventually referred to her as the goddess of purity, the goddess of filth, and the protector of sexual intercourse in marriage. Over the ages, she came to be affiliated with Venus, the goddess of beauty and love, and gradually became known to many as the Venus Cloacina.

2Handful Of Women Were Accused Of Mass Murder By Poisoning

The subject of poisons and poisoning is often broached in Roman literature. The crime of poisoning seems to have occurred much more often in ancient than in modern times. The first record of this type of offense in Rome tells of a high mortality. Although this likely resulted from a pestilence, it was attributed to poisoning.

After many prominent citizens had perished from the same ailment, a slavegirl informed the curule aediles (formal magistrates) that the sudden spike in fatalities was due to the poisons prepared and administered by the Roman matrons. Twenty matrons, including patrician ladies, were discovered in the act of brewing poisons, which they argued were salutary.

How did the authorities prove their guilt?

By forcing the women to drink their own concoctions. In the end, they all perished from their own brews. Following this, 170 more were found guilty of the same offense.

Was this some form of ancient terrorism? Who were these women, and what was their motive? Well, some argue that the deaths were caused by a pestilence, not by poisoning. Unfortunately, we may never learn the truth.[9]

1Rome Was Ruled By A Transsexual Emperor

Although Emperor Elagabalus is well-known by historians, most people have never heard of him. Not surprisingly, most schools that teach ancient Roman history will avoid this subject as it features an emperor who was transsexual.

The topic of Elagabalus’s genitalia occurs often in many accounts of him. Sources maintain that Elagabalus was circumcised as required by the priestly profession. There are claims that his penis was infibulated, which means that the head of the penis was divided in two.

According to the Roman historian and statesman Dio Cassius, Elagabalus desired castration, though not for the sake of religion. In fact, according to Cassius, this was done for the sake of “effeminacy.”

Many historians today interpret this to mean that the young emperor was transsexual. Although initially supported by the Roman army, Elagabalus was despised by the powerful men of the Senate. In the end, Elagabalus was murdered and his mutilated corpse was dragged through the streets, ultimately to be tossed into the Tiber.[10]

Bully – A Didactic Cinquain


Bully – A Didactic Cinquain

by jay

Bully

Snappy, Chiding

Joking, funloving, KickAss Humor

Ever so recidivist

Tor-Mentor