Identical twins have tried gaming the law ever since they learned they could. Visual differences are often difficult to pinpoint. DNA does not help, either, because identical twins are from the same fertilized egg. As a result, they have the same DNA.
Many times, one twin will commit a crime and blame it on the other. Sometimes, they will not pass blame but will just refuse to talk. Twins have tried escaping justice this way. Sometimes, they are successful, and sometimes, they are not.
A set of twins identified only as Hassan and Abbas O. escaped prosecution despite one or even both of them being involved in a jewelry heist. In the early hours of February 25, 2009, three men raided the Kaufhaus Des Westens (KaDeWe) luxury store in Germany and stole watches and jewelry worth €5 million.
The men were caught on CCTV. One of them also left a glove behind. Police extracted DNA samples from the glove, but it led to twin brothers Hassan and Abbas O. Police could not determine which brother had committed the heist or whether both brothers were involved. The men never confessed, either.
The CCTV footage was useless because the criminals were masked. The police finally freed both brothers even though the jewelry remained missing. In appreciation, the brothers thanked the state for allowing them to go scot-free after it could not establish the exact identity of the criminal.
Albert Ebenezer Fox And Ebenezer Albert Fox looked so alike that their parents needed to attach colored ribbons to their clothes to tell them apart. Their similar names also allowed the brothers to get away with most of the crimes they committed.
The Fox twins never went on their robbery sprees together. That way, both could claim innocence of the crime, leaving the police confused about which one was the real criminal.
The brothers had such frequent run-ins with the law that the police started taking their fingerprints and identifying them by their scars. The Foxes were the reason that research into fingerprint identification was fast-paced. In 1904, they became the first people to be prosecuted using fingerprint evidence.
The brothers lived on poaching and stealing fowl from farms. They also had a few legal jobs, including capturing foxes from farms and building a police station. Ironically, they were later detained in that same police station. Despite the confusion they often caused regarding their identification, they were convicted over 200 times throughout their lives.
Charles and George Finn served in the United States Army Air Corps during World War II. George served as a flight instructor while Charles was a B-17 pilot. In 1952, the brothers purchased a World War II–era C-46 airplane from the Bakersfield school district with the intention of modifying it for their new airline.
The US government stopped the purchase because the school district was not allowed to sell the airplane. The brothers refused to return the plane, and one of them flew it into the Nevada desert to hide it from the government.
The FBI recovered the craft and arrested the brothers. A federal grand jury decided against prosecuting the Finns because the witness could not identify the twin who flew the airplane into the desert.
7Sathis And Sabarish Raj
In 2003, police officers in Malaysia arrested one of Sathis and Sabarish Raj for being in possession of 166 kilograms of cannabis and about two kilograms of opium. The arrested twin had been transporting the drugs to the house where he was busted. Shortly after, his twin arrived at the house and was also picked up.
Officers soon found themselves in a fix when they could not identify which twin they had arrested for being in possession of the drugs. DNA tests were inconclusive, and the brothers were not talking.
Although the twins were put on trial, the judge discharged them because she could not determine which had committed the crime. The errant brother would have been executed if he had been found guilty.
Outside a nightclub in Arizona, a fight broke out on the night of February 12, 2011. By the time it was over, 19-year-old Sir Xavier Brooks had been shot dead. A month later, police picked up Orlando Nembhard for the murder. The investigation quickly became complicated after police realized that Orlando had an identical twin brother named Brandon.
Police had no DNA to pinpoint the brothers for the murder, although it would have done little. The murder weapon was also missing, so police could not get fingerprints. They only had visual identification. But that was unreliable because witnesses kept alternating between the brothers. Some said Orlando was the shooter, some said it was Brandon, and others just refused to talk.
The judge presiding over the case termed it inconclusive and reduced Orlando Nembhard’s bond from $500,000 to $10,000. The shooter remains unknown. Brandon had no criminal record, while Orlando had been previously arrested for burglary and marijuana possession.
On July 18, 2008, someone shot and killed Genai Coleman at a train station and stole her car. Police later recovered the abandoned vehicle. Inside, they found a cigarette butt. DNA from the cigarette butt led them to Donald Smith, who had earlier been sent to prison for drug crimes. Donald denied the crime and said that the murderer was his twin brother, Ronald.
To confirm that it was Ronald, Donald asked investigators to show his relatives the CCTV footage of the murderer. Investigators did, and Donald’s relatives confirmed that it was actually Ronald.
Ronald was arrested a few days later. Fingerprints taken from the vehicle implicated Ronald, and some witnesses had seen him around the area where he had abandoned the car. He had also made phone calls around the same area.
Ronald confessed to the crime, although he claimed that it was a case of accidental discharge. However, he backtracked during the trial when he denied being the murderer and said that it was Donald instead.
Ronald’s attorney added that Ronald’s fingerprints were in the vehicle because he had helped Donald to clean it. This excuse did not fly with the jury, and Ronald was sentenced to 25 years imprisonment.
4Darrin And Damien Fernandez
In summer 2001, police arrested Darrin Fernandez for breaking into the home of a lady in Dorchester, a Boston neighborhood. The lady was awake during the break-in and had heard the window shatter. She called the police. They arrived to find Darrin trying to escape from the home. He had not attacked the lady and had injured himself during the break-in.
Police ran Darrin’s DNA through their database and discovered that it matched two earlier rapes committed in the area. In both instances, a man had broken into a lady’s home while she slept and raped her. The investigations soon hit a brick wall when police realized that Darrin had a twin brother named Damien who could have committed one or both rapes (and not Darrin).
Police were able to convict Darrin for the first rape because the victim correctly described the tattoo on his arm. The second case remained inconclusive even after Darrin was tried twice. At the first trial, investigators attempted to pin the rape on him by claiming that he had been in the area around the time it happened. That was unsuccessful because they could not prove that Damien had not been in the area.
During the second trial, Assistant District Attorney Mary Kelley took the jury to a Dorchester home where Darrin had been employed as a painter. There, she showed them how Darrin had climbed a ladder to survey the neighborhood and scout out his next victim. Although this made sense to some jurors, the case ultimately ended in a hung jury.
On January 19, 2016, police in Cheltenham, England, arrested Patrick Hennessy for dangerous driving, causing an accident, and being in possession of a pocketknife. After his arrest, he was treated at a hospitaland released to appear in court on a later date. Patrick appeared in court on that date, only to deny that he had been arrested or treated.
He said that it was his twin brother, James, who had been arrested and not him (Patrick). Prosecutors tried to match the DNA found at the accident scene with one of the twins, but it led nowhere. The court freed the brothers because it could not determine which one was guilty.
Between September 2012 and February 2013, a rapist prowled Marseilles, France, committing a series of rapes and attempted rapes. DNA recovered from some of the crimes led police to identical twin brothers, Yoan and Elvin Gomis. The brothers looked so much alike that they were almost indistinguishable.
Investigators became more confused after they realized that both brothers lived in the same house and shared a car, phone, clothes, and Facebookaccount. The brothers denied any involvement in the assaults. Instead of letting them off the hook, the police just sent them to jail, where they remained for 10 months until police determined that Yoan was the attacker.
He was found guilty after his victims stated that the attacker stuttered when talking. Yoan was the one who stuttered because he suffered from partial deafness. He apologized for not talking earlier and for putting his brother in jail. Elvin was not offended.
One night in November 1999, an unnamed 26-year-old student at Kendall College of Art and Design in Grand Rapids, Michigan, had just finished a night class and was on her way to her car when she was attacked and raped. DNA tests led police to Jerome Cooper, but they soon realized that his twin brother, Tyrone, could have been the attacker. Both brothers were registered as sex offenders and lived in the same area.
At the time, limitations in DNA technology meant that investigators could not determine which brother was the rapist.
Police thought that they had found a solution after a new type of DNA test implicated Dwayne McNair (one of another set of twins) in an unrelated rape and robbery in Boston. Prosecutors believed that they could use the same DNA test to expose the rapist in the Cooper case in Michigan.
The new DNA test was not accepted in the Boston court even though Dwayne was convicted for the crime based on other evidence. This meant that the DNA test for the Cooper brothers might not be accepted in Michigan, either.
Another issue was the expense associated with the test. In the Boston case, the cost was $120,000, an amount that would have taken a considerable chunk of law enforcement budgets. As a result, the Boston police and the district attorney’s office agreed to split the bill in that instance.
We all love a good cup of coffee to start off the morning, but this beverage can be used in several other ways. Just like coffee is good for our bodies, it has other benefits that can make our lives easier.
Next time you think about throwing those used coffee grounds away, think again. They can be recycled and used throughout your home or garden. Here are 10 creative ways to enjoy coffee besides drinking it.
Mosquitoes are pesky and annoying. The little bloodsuckers can ruin a relaxing night outdoors. You will find yourself busy swatting them away instead of enjoying the time with friends and family.
Coffee grounds are an unusual solution to this annoying little problem. According to the EPA, coffee grounds are a safe and effective way to repel mosquitoes and other troublesome insects. A study also showed that coffee grounds and caffeine could kill larvae by preventing the development of adult mosquitoes. The insects were not able to build a resistance to coffee.
To burn coffee grounds to use as a repellent, start by grabbing your used grounds and placing them in a bowl covered in foil. Once the grounds have dried, burn them like incense. It is best to choose a spot upwind of your location, and you can add fresh bay leaves to the fire for extra repellent.
This is a cheap and effective way to prevent those bothersome insects from ruining your night.
Everyone is always looking for DIY projects around their house. Staining wood furniture is one of the many projects that people attempt to tackle. There are a lot of manufactured wood stain products on the market, but you won’t need to buy any of them if you have coffee at home. The method of staining wood with coffee is natural and chemical-free, and the finish is exceptional. The coat will also get darker as it becomes older.
To stain wood with coffee, simply start by brewing a pot of coffee. Then allow it to cool. The stronger you brew, the darker the stain will be. Use fine sandpaper to sand the surface that you plan to stain. Pour the cool coffee into a plastic container along with alum to help it adhere to the wood.
Use your sponge, rag, or cloth to spread the coffee over the wood surface. Don’t worry about using too much because it will absorb. Let the wood sit for 10–15 minutes, and you can repeat if you would like the wood to be darker.
How satisfying is it to know that you stained your wood furniture with a natural and nonchemical substance found in your home!
We are always coming into contact with unpleasant smells, whether it is from the kitchen, bathroom, living room, or even your vehicle. Sometimes, you have to freshen up those areas with an air freshener.
Don’t have one handy? Make it yourself from coffee found in your home. Most air fresheners only cover up the odor, but an air freshener made from coffee can absorb the odor to keep it away.
Coffee beans act like baking soda does in a fridge. They help to absorb the smell and eliminate it. An air freshener can be easily made from coffee grounds to help any area smell better. All you need is a pair of old socks, your favorite brew, and a tall glass or cup.
Stick the sock down in the glass, and roll the excess over the outside of the glass. Then pour some coffee grounds or beans into the sock, pull the sock out, and tie it in a knot. Stick the air freshener anywhere that needs some help. For those who want to get fancy, you can stick the sock in a decorative bowl to hide it.
We all love to consume our favorite coffee in drink form, but did you know that it is also delicious to eat? If you have extra brewed joe or grounds lying around, you can spice up almost any food. Coffee is a spice that brings rich, deep, and earthy flavors to food. You’ll mostly find it on red meats and desserts to add an espresso-like taste.
Coffee can be added to a marinade for roast meat, braising liquid for beef short ribs, barbecue sauce for grilled chicken, a sauce for fried eggs, or a pancake topper. You can even mix it with your favorite spices to create an amazing dry rub for burgers, spice-crusted pork, or lamb.
Using coffee while cooking can really add the extra flavor to make many dishes pop. There are several recipes available if you are looking to experiment with cooking with coffee.
6Exfoliate Your Skin
Not only does coffee have some great benefits for the inside of your body, but it is also valuable for your skin. The grounds can help balance the pH of the skin. Coffee is loaded with antioxidants that battle free radicals and is a great product to exfoliate the skin. It helps you to shed dead and dry skin to reveal a glow, and it adds extra shine to your hair.
Many of the ingredients you need to make a face mask or exfoliating face scrub are found in your home. Making a scrub with natural properties will be beneficial to your skin as it eliminates lines and dry skin. Coffee can also be mixed to create body scrubs, hair masks, and foot scrubs.
Try making a homemade mask or scrub one day, and you will be amazed at how well it treats your skin.
Instead of letting your old coffee grounds end up in a landfill, use them in your garden and compost pile. Using coffee grounds in your garden helps to add nitrogen to your compost pile.
You can simply throw the grounds into your compost pile, or they can be used as a fertilizer. Using grounds as a fertilizer adds an organic material to your soil, which improves drainage, water retention, and aeration in the soil.
Coffee grounds can even repel slugs and snails in the garden. If you want to add coffee grounds to your compost or fertilizer, stop by your local Starbucks. Participating stores give out free bags of used coffee grounds as part of their Grounds For Your Garden program.
The company does this to recycle and help reduce waste. Use this organic resource in your garden to help reduce the amount of products going to a landfill.
Since coffee is a great deodorizer like baking soda, it can be used to freshen up garbage disposals. They often start to release an unpleasant smell, and coffee grounds are an excellent solution to this problem. You don’t have to waste good coffee for this little DIY trick. Used grounds are just fine.
To make a garbage disposal cleaning pad, you will need coffee grounds, Epsom salts, baking soda, and vinegar. Once you properly mix the ingredients, you will use a measuring spoon to create the small cleaners and allow them to dry overnight. Then you can drop one in your garbage disposal when needed. Turn on the disposal and water to enjoy a wonderful new smell coming from your kitchen sink.
If you live in areas that experience a lot of snow during the winter, then you probably know all about using salt on your sidewalks. Salt is effective in melting the ice to prevent slipping, but it can be destructive to the environment. Salt can also restrict plants from absorbing the proper amount of water and nutrition. If you are looking for a safer alternative to salt, try using coffee.
You probably had a hot cup of brew to help keep you warm on those winterdays. Save the coffee grounds, and generously sprinkle them across the snowy sidewalk as you would salt. The grounds work just as sand or salt would and give you the opportunity to walk across the sidewalk. The acid of the coffee even helps to melt away the snow more quickly.
Save those coffee grounds to stay environmentally friendly during those snowy days!
Instead of drinking coffee, try throwing it on your hair during a shower. There are many advantages to washing your hair with coffee because it has a lower pH than water. The rough grounds exfoliate the scalp and stimulate hair follicles to help growth. Coffee is found in many shampoos now because of the benefits it provides.
The caffeine in the coffee is great for your hair, too. It helps stimulate the hair roots and may deter baldness and hair loss. The caffeine will block the effects of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and enables hair shafts to grow faster.
It also has a way of making your hair shine more. You can use coffee to make a hair rinse to enhance hair color and texture, a hair mask to make it softer and shinier, and a hair oil to stimulate the roots of the hair.
1Protect Dog From Fleas
Everybody loves a good cup of coffee, except fleas. They hate coffee, but they do love your dog. If you notice that your dog is itching from those pesky fleas, then save your coffee grounds from that cup of joe you had this morning. The grounds can help to get rid of the fleas when mixed with the dog’s shampoo.
Start by giving your dog a bath as usual. After you have shampooed Spot, generously rub the coffee grounds through the dog’s hair. Then rinse the grounds from the animal’s hair and be sure to look for those loose grounds that haven’t shaken off. The coffee will act as a natural repellent and help remove the fleas that were annoying your dog.
Painted Rocks: A Hidden Treasure For Inspiration
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They can be found anywhere and everywhere. So often we just pass them by and don’t give a second thought to the potential that exists from a relationship we can create with ordinary rocks.
Yes, rocks have great potential!
From serving as a canvas to having significant meaning for us, rocks can provide a sense of purpose, give us a reason to collaborate, and allow us to express ourselves during pivotal moments in our lives.
Painted Rocks: A Hidden Treasure For Inspiration
1. How It All Started
I was hiking on a Saturday evening a few weeks ago. I didn’t want to go hiking due to my phobia with snakes and my friend was taking me to the mountain trail where rattlesnakes are residents and I’m not trying to step in their territory. I was also reluctant because, I admit; I’m lazy and rather eat.
I knew that my hesitations were juvenile and decided to accept the invite and just go.
I put the idea of looking for heart shaped rocks in my head as a way to give this hiking thing a sense of purpose for me. I had done this before with my children. We would get outside, take a walk, and look for unique rocks that maybe resembled something familiar or just reminded us of something distinctive.
So long story short, I gathered 8 rocks that somewhat resemble hearts. I suspect that I decided on “heart” as being the shape of choice in my hunt, because the friend inviting me is also my childhood crush. I have been smitten about him since second grade.
2. From Rocks To Painted Rocks
He thought it was silly as I kept my eyes glued to the ground during the hike. Needless to say, I collected them, took them home, washed them and decided to color them and make each one unique and add definition, turning them into painted rocks. I have them displayed as a nice memento of the occasion and it didn’t cost me anything.
I’ve grown to appreciate more of the simple things, such as painted rocks, over the past few years. When financial burdens take hold and kids just stare bored expecting to be entertained, I figured rock gathering and decorating, was a nice way to get the family involved in an activity that could be done together.
3. How Painted Rocks Inspired Me
Now that I look back at the idea, rocks are the “take-a ways” to remember those cherished times. I’ve collected little round rocks that I painted into a ladybug family. I’ve written song lyrics, quotes, jokes, and used them in all kinds of ways… from paperweights and door stoppers to centerpieces and labels; rocks have been instrumental in helping me when times get tough.
If you search “rock art” on Google, you will find amazing creations. As you can see I’m no Picasso but I’d like to think I can get by making creations that don’t embarrass my kids too much. Rocks can serve as a gift when there isn’t one to afford. Depending on what you do with that rock it can be something meaningful if you intentionally want to express that.
To follow up on that not so bad hike, I decided to express a sentiment from that day and wanted to do something that said I cared.
I already sent him the first rock and when he received it, he chuckled and took it to keep as a memento.
I’m going to give him a rock each time I see him until he has them all.
I’m hoping he will get a hint as to how I feel and hopefully initiate a date or something.
Worst thing that can happen is he’ll toss them aside somewhere and if that happens then I’ll accept it and simply move on.
Based on his reaction to receiving the first one, I think he’s like what I did.
It’s pretty neat to view this rock idea as a pre-screener to see if the guy finds meaning in simple things. Just as my kinds find the joy in rock hunting and making memories happen, so will the new guy in my life. He will have to be someone that can appreciate the simple things. Rocks are a hidden treasure I recommend discovering for you.
Share this story with your friends and family, so they can get inspired, or, even inspire you with their own painted rocks.
Desiree Espinoza. After seventeen years teaching & coaching, I am at a pivotal point in my life where making a meaningful dent in the world is my goal & this I’m hoping to accomplish through teaching, inspiring & helping others. I’ve been working on a project to open a nonprofit charter school for high functioning autistic children: The Animal School Learning Institute, & have been gradually gathering the pieces necessary to make it possible.
… that today is Chicken Wings Day? In 1977, the city of Buffalo, New York, declared July 29th as Chicken Wing Day, immortalizing the delicious food originating from that city. Celebrate with some Buffalo wings today!
Today’s Inspirational Quote:
“We can always choose to perceive things differently. You can focus on what’s wrong in your life, or you can focus on what’s right.”
Wake Up Call Meaning: An occurance of sorts that brings a problem to somebody’s attention and they realize it needs fixing. Just wondering, how many wake up calls one needs? One per day? For those day dreaming? Multiple times a day:)
Like Father Like Son Meaning: Resembling one’s parents in terms of appearance or behavior. Hmmm…. Appearance is OK. Behavior – may be not! 🙂
In the Red Meaning: Losing money. Being in debt. But the people in Red so get habituated of high living and dependence on others money – they seldom come down from their high horses.
A Chip on Your Shoulder Meaning: Being angry about something that happened in the past. Yes. It happens to me all the time. Difficult to let go of the past.
Mouth-watering Meaning: Delicious; something that looks or tastes appetizing.
Foaming At The Mouth Meaning: To be enraged and show it. Ha Ha ha – I do it without foaming at the mouth – I type!
Cry Wolf Meaning: Someone that calls for help when it is not needed. Someone who is lying. Hmmm… many recent cases of false alarms responded – leading to waste of time and going into a spin unnecessarily.
Easy As Pie Meaning: Something that is easy. Nothing is? Is there anything easy at all?
Tough It Out Meaning: To remain resillient even in hard times; enduring. Tough minded optimision, grit, determination and a firm commitment – yes, that’s what it is for me.
If you ever happen to look a woman’s to-do list, the number of tasks on it may surprise you. Challenges at the workplace and at home notwithstanding, women have to continuously fight gender bias, patriarchy, social norms and the multiple ideals that they are expected to follow. It is not just exhausting but painful.
The best way to overcome these challenges is to look yourself in the mirror and reiterate to yourself that “you can do it,” just as the popular ad tells you to. Remember to tell yourself, you are courageous, strong, and unstoppable.
Here are some motivational quotes that will inspire you and help you along the way.
You may not control all the events that happen to you, but you can decide not to be reduced by them. – Maya Angelou, author, poet
I learned to always take on things I’d never done before. Growth and comfort do not coexist. – Ginni Rometty, CEO, IBM
In my life I’ve gone through a lot of really hard times. I went through depression and had so many challenges that I overcame. And I overcame because I just decided to be happy. – Lilly Singh. YouTube sensation
As you become more successful, the gender barrier disappears. The credibility challenges you have during your growing up years starts disappearing when you start demonstrating success. – Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, businesswoman
If you’re going to change things, you have to be with the people who hold the levers. – Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the US
You may not always have a comfortable life and you will not always be able to solve all of the world’s problems at once but don’t ever underestimate the importance you can have because history has shown us that courage can be contagious and hope can take on a life of its own. –Michelle Obama, American lawyer, writer, former First Lady of the US